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Article

Connection between Social Relationships and Basic Motor Competencies in Early Childhood

1
Research Group Exercise and Sport, Zurich University of Teacher Education, 8090 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Expert Group Physical Education, Schwyz University of Teacher Education, 6410 Goldau, Switzerland
3
Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, 4001 Basel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Children 2021, 8(1), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010053
Received: 15 December 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 17 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Motor Competence in Preschool Children)
In preschool, children build new contacts and social relationships with other people. They learn to cooperate with their peers and communicate in groups. In addition to social relationships, basic motor competencies (in German: Motorische Basiskompetenzen (MOBAK)) are also seen as a central developmental goal in early childhood and are necessary for participation in the culture of sports and movement. The aim of this paper is to describe the connection between social relationships and basic motor competencies in early childhood. In this present study, the motor competencies of N = 548 preschool children (51% girls, M = 68.0 months, SD = 6.8) were tested in the competence areas of self-movement and object movement. The children’s perceived social relationships were recorded from teacher and parent perspectives. The results clearly show a connection between social relationships and motor competencies in early childhood, with a stronger connection observed in boys. This finding is relevant both from a developmental and a health-oriented perspective, as it points to a link between physical and mental health, as well as technical and interdisciplinary competencies, in early childhood. View Full-Text
Keywords: preschool; kindergarten; sport; health; integration; fundamental movement skills; physical education preschool; kindergarten; sport; health; integration; fundamental movement skills; physical education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Herrmann, C.; Bretz, K.; Kühnis, J.; Seelig, H.; Keller, R.; Ferrari, I. Connection between Social Relationships and Basic Motor Competencies in Early Childhood. Children 2021, 8, 53. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010053

AMA Style

Herrmann C, Bretz K, Kühnis J, Seelig H, Keller R, Ferrari I. Connection between Social Relationships and Basic Motor Competencies in Early Childhood. Children. 2021; 8(1):53. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010053

Chicago/Turabian Style

Herrmann, Christian, Kathrin Bretz, Jürgen Kühnis, Harald Seelig, Roger Keller, and Ilaria Ferrari. 2021. "Connection between Social Relationships and Basic Motor Competencies in Early Childhood" Children 8, no. 1: 53. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010053

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