Saipan is a United States (US) territory Western Pacific island where little recent data exists regarding epidemiology, clinical presentation, and standard of care for pediatric seizures. This paper characterizes these features in Saipan’s pediatric population with comparisons to mainland US. This is a retrospective chart review of all pediatric patients with a history of seizures at the island’s only hospital and major private neurology clinic over a 10-year period. Variables regarding demographics, presentation, diagnosis, and treatment were collected. A total of 144 patients were included, with 101 patients diagnosed with febrile seizures and 31 patients diagnosed with non-febrile seizures. Age at first presentation peaked at 1 year old overall. The most common identified etiology of epilepsy was found to be hypoxic injury (39%), hemorrhagic injury (10%), cerebral malformation (6%), and brain mass (6%). Simple versus complex classification of febrile seizures, etiologies, and first-line treatment for non-febrile seizures were comparable to the mainland US. Electroencephalogram (EEG) was not used consistently in diagnosis. The findings from this study demonstrate that clinical presentations of pediatric seizures in Saipan are comparable to those in the mainland US.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited