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Open AccessCase Report

Pneumomediastinum Mimicking Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, PO BOX 245073, 1501 N Campbell Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
Children 2019, 6(9), 104; https://doi.org/10.3390/children6090104
Received: 8 July 2019 / Revised: 4 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 September 2019 / Published: 17 September 2019
Pneumomediastinum is the collection of free air in the mediastinum. Its incidence is higher in preterm infants and those on positive airway pressure support or on mechanical ventilation. But it has decreased dramatically after the introduction of surfactant and synchronized, non-invasive mechanical ventilation. Underlying cystic lesions could also increase the risk of pneumomediastinum and other air leak syndromes. Most cases resolve spontaneously but rare hemodynamic compromise may require ultrasound-guided intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: pneumomediastinum; Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation; Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung; congenital; pneumothorax; ultrasonography; interventional pneumomediastinum; Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation; Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung; congenital; pneumothorax; ultrasonography; interventional
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Kylat, R.I. Pneumomediastinum Mimicking Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation. Children 2019, 6, 104.

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