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Children 2018, 5(11), 150; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5110150

Childhood Obesity and Academic Outcomes in Young Adulthood

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, 1201 W University Dr, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA
Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 8 November 2018 / Accepted: 9 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
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Abstract

The present study used nationally representative data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (a.k.a., Add Health) to examine the impact of childhood obesity on young adult educational attainment. In addition to weight status, independent variables included race–ethnicity, immigrant generational status, family socio-economic status (SES), preference for overweight and obese friends in school, school socio-economic and race–ethnic composition, and other important predictors. Educational attainment was measured as a categorical variable with the categories reflecting key educational benchmarks: (1) being a high school graduate; (2) having some college education; and (3) having completed a bachelor’s or higher degree. The results indicate that in general, individuals who were obese as children are less likely to transition from high school to college, and even less likely to obtain a baccalaureate or more advanced degree. In line with the social network hypothesis of the obesity epidemic, we also found that having overweight and obese friends drives down the odds of educational success. Attendance at a higher SES school or a school with a lower percentage of minority students was positively associated with the odds of college attendance and obtaining a baccalaureate. Other important effects included race–ethnicity and immigrant generational status. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; academic outcomes; race–ethnicity; immigrant generational status obesity; academic outcomes; race–ethnicity; immigrant generational status
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ryabov, I. Childhood Obesity and Academic Outcomes in Young Adulthood. Children 2018, 5, 150.

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