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Children 2018, 5(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5010008

Factors Associated with Not Breastfeeding and Delaying the Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Mecca Region, Saudi Arabia

1
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Collage of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Ha’il, Ha’il 21955, Saudi Arabia
3
Nutrition General Department, Awareness and Nutrition Education Division, Ministry of Health, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia
4
Pediatric Department, Maternity and Children Hospital, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia
5
Medical Nutrition Therapy Department, Maternity and Children Hospital, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia
6
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Yanbu 21911, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 November 2017 / Revised: 29 December 2017 / Accepted: 31 December 2017 / Published: 3 January 2018
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Abstract

The objective of the study was to find the determinants related to not breastfeeding (BF) and others related to the delay in the early initiation of BF in the Mecca region, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study in the Maternity and Children Hospital and primary healthcare centers was performed. A questionnaire was filled by dietitians to 814 asymptomatic Saudi mothers. Determinants related to not BF and the delay in the early initiation of BF were determined by binary logistic regression, and the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were determined. Significant factors associated with not BF were not rooming-in infants in the mother’s room (OR: 2.37; 95% CI: 1.66–3.41) and using a pacifier (OR: 1.62; 95% CI: 1.13–2.33). The most significant determinant of the early initiation of BF was the initiation of bottle feeding (OR: 18.16; 95% CI: 10.51–31.4), followed by not rooming-in infants in the mother’s room (OR: 2.2; 95% CI: 1.52–3.18), initiation of partial feeding (OR: 1.89; 95% CI: 1.3–2.74), uninformed mothers regarding the importance of BF (OR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.04–2.35), and cesarean sections (OR:1.42; 95% CI: 1.02–1.98). Risk factors affecting BF and the early initiation of BF in Mecca City should be highlighted in national campaigns to increase mothers’ awareness and promote BF practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: breastfeeding; early initiation of breastfeeding; Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative; Mecca breastfeeding; early initiation of breastfeeding; Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative; Mecca
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Azzeh, F.S.; Alazzeh, A.Y.; Hijazi, H.H.; Wazzan, H.Y.; Jawharji, M.T.; Jazar, A.S.; Filimban, A.M.; Alshamrani, A.S.; Labani, M.S.; Hasanain, T.A.; Obeidat, A.A. Factors Associated with Not Breastfeeding and Delaying the Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Mecca Region, Saudi Arabia. Children 2018, 5, 8.

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