Next Article in Journal
Factors Associated with the Need for, and the Impact of, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Children with Congenital Heart Disease during Admissions for Cardiac Surgery
Previous Article in Journal
Parent Cardiac Response in the Context of Their Child’s Completion of the Cold Pressor Task: A Pilot Study
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Children 2017, 4(11), 102;

South Asian Children Have Increased Body Fat in Comparison to White Children at the Same Body Mass Index

School of Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 2DS, UK
Faculty of Education, Health and Wellbeing, Wolverhampton University, Wolverhampton WS1 3BD, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2017 / Revised: 13 November 2017 / Accepted: 14 November 2017 / Published: 22 November 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [476 KB, uploaded 23 November 2017]   |  


The ability of body mass index (BMI) to predict excess fat in South Asian children is unknown. This cross-sectional study examines the influence of ethnicity on body fatness in children. Weight status and body fat were determined using BMI, waist circumference (WC), two skinfold sites (SF; triceps and subscapula) and leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA; Tanita BF350, Tanita, Tokyo, Japan) in 194 children aged 8.47 ± 0.50 years from Coventry, United Kingdom. Biological maturity was also determined. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) identified significant differences between ethnic (p < 0.001) and gender groups’ BMI (p = 0.026), with a significant covariate for skinfold (p < 0.001) and bioelectrical impedance (p < 0.001). For a given body fat value, South Asian children and females had a lower BMI value (−1.12 kg/m2, p < 0.001 and −0.50 kg/m2, p = 0.026, respectively, when adjusted for SF; −1.56 kg/m2, p < 0.001 and −0.31 kg/m2, p = 0.16, respectively, when adjusted for BIA) compared with white children and boys. The prediction model including ethnicity, gender and BIA explained 80.4% of the variance in BMI. Maturation was not found to be a significant covariate (p > 0.05). To conclude, the findings suggest that BMI cut-points may need to be lowered in South Asian children, and thus age-by-sex-by-ethnicity specific BMI cut-points are needed in children. Further research examining body composition with health parameters in this population is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethnicity; adiposity; obesity; youth; subcutaneous fat ethnicity; adiposity; obesity; youth; subcutaneous fat

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Eyre, E.L.J.; Duncan, M.J.; Nevill, A. South Asian Children Have Increased Body Fat in Comparison to White Children at the Same Body Mass Index. Children 2017, 4, 102.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Children EISSN 2227-9067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top