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Open AccessArticle

Aptamer-Conjugated Tb(III)-Doped Silica Nanoparticles for Luminescent Detection of Leukemia Cells

1
Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
2
A.E. Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry, Kazan Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, 420111 Kazan, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomedicines 2020, 8(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8010014
Received: 12 December 2019 / Revised: 4 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 January 2020 / Published: 13 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering Aptamers for Biomedical Applications II)
DNA aptamers have many benefits for cell imaging, such as high affinity and specificity, easiness of chemical functionalization, and low cost of production. Among known aptamers, Sgc8-aptamer was selected against acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells with a dissociation constant in a nanomolar range. The aptamer was previously used for the covalent coupling with fluorescent and magnetic nanoparticles, as well as for the fabrication of aptamer-based biosensors. Among commonly used fluorescent tags, lanthanide nanoparticles offer stable luminescence with narrow, well-resolved emission peaks and the absence of photoblinking. In other words, lanthanide nanoparticles could serve as luminescence reporters and be used in biosensing. In our study, we conjugated amino- and carboxyl-modified silica-coated terbium (III) thiacalix[4]arenesulfonate luminescent nanoparticles with Sgc8-aptamer and showed the ability of the aptamer-conjugated nanoparticles to detect leukemia cells using fluorescence microscopy. In addition, we conducted a cell viability assay and confirmed that the nanoparticles do not induce spontaneous cell apoptosis or necrosis and could be potentially used for bioimaging applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: DNA aptamers; silica nanoparticles; leukemia cells; luminescence; probes DNA aptamers; silica nanoparticles; leukemia cells; luminescence; probes
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Grechkin, Y.A.; Grechkina, S.L.; Zaripov, E.A.; Fedorenko, S.V.; Mustafina, A.R.; Berezovski, M.V. Aptamer-Conjugated Tb(III)-Doped Silica Nanoparticles for Luminescent Detection of Leukemia Cells. Biomedicines 2020, 8, 14.

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