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Comparative Therapeutic Effects of Plant-Extract Synthesized and Traditionally Synthesized Gold Nanoparticles on Alcohol-Induced Inflammatory Activity in SH-SY5Y Cells In Vitro

Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Twin-Cities campus, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Biomedicines 2017, 5(4), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines5040070
Received: 21 November 2017 / Revised: 4 December 2017 / Accepted: 7 December 2017 / Published: 15 December 2017
The present study describes potential beneficial and adverse effects of plant-extract synthesized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on ethanol toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. Although kudzu root extract (K), edible-gum extract (G), alone or in combination (KG), reduced Au3+ into AuNPs, the extract’s composition and the reaction temperature determined their size (AuNPKG(90<50<37) << AuNPK (90,50<37) < AuNPG (90<50); the subscript KG, K, or G is extract identification and numerical vales are reaction temperature in Celsius) and biological properties (AuNPKG (90,50>37) << AuNPK (90,50>37) < AuNPG (90,50)). The surface of each AuNP contained the extract’s active ingredients, that were analyzed and confirmed using laser desorption ionization (LDI)) and low-matrix laser desorption-ionization (LMALDI). AuNPKG-50 was (i) least toxic to SH-SY5Y cells, but most effective in suppressing the adverse effects of ethanol on SH-SY5Y cells, and (ii) more effective than a combination of free kudzu and gum extracts. The beneficial and adverse effects of AuNPs may have been modified by the formation of proteins corona. This study provides a proof of concept for possible application of plant-extract synthesized AuNPs in mitigating ethanol toxicity. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethanol; gold nanoparticles; plant extracts; kudzu root; edible gum; cell viability; apoptosis; necrosis; lactate dehydrogenase; lipid peroxidase ethanol; gold nanoparticles; plant extracts; kudzu root; edible gum; cell viability; apoptosis; necrosis; lactate dehydrogenase; lipid peroxidase
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MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, A.K. Comparative Therapeutic Effects of Plant-Extract Synthesized and Traditionally Synthesized Gold Nanoparticles on Alcohol-Induced Inflammatory Activity in SH-SY5Y Cells In Vitro. Biomedicines 2017, 5, 70.

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