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Effectiveness of Whole-Body Vibration Training to Improve Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Older Adults: Prospective, Single-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial
Systematic Review

Benefits of VR Physical Exercise on Cognition in Older Adults with and without Mild Cognitive Decline: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

1
Department of Functional Brain Imaging, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan
2
Department of Cognitive Health Science, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan
3
Division of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan
4
Psychology and Neuroscience Laboratory, Université de Lorraine, 2LPN, F-54000 Nancy, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors have contributed equally to this work and share first authorship.
Academic Editors: Rafał Stemplewski and Janusz Maciaszek
Healthcare 2021, 9(7), 883; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070883
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 25 June 2021 / Accepted: 9 July 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
It is well known that physical exercise has beneficial effects on cognitive function in older adults. Recently, several physical exercise programs with virtual reality (VR) have been proposed to support physical exercise benefits. However, it is still unclear whether VR physical exercise (VR-PE) has positive effects on cognitive function in older adults. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review (SR) of the effects of VR-PE on cognitive function in older adults with and without cognitive decline. We used academic databases to search for research papers. The criteria were intervention study using any VR-PE, participants were older adults with and without mild cognitive decline (not dementia), and cognitive functions were assessed. We found that 6 of 11 eligible studies reported the significant benefits of the VR-PE on a wide range of cognitive functions in aging populations. The SR revealed that VR-PE has beneficial effects on the inhibition of executive functions in older adults with and without mild cognitive decline. Moreover, VR-PE selectively leads to improvements in shifting and general cognitive performance in healthy older adults. The SR suggests that VR-PE could be a successful approach to improve cognitive function in older adults with and without cognitive decline. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual reality; cognitive function; cognitive declines; physical intervention; older adults virtual reality; cognitive function; cognitive declines; physical intervention; older adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sakaki, K.; Nouchi, R.; Matsuzaki, Y.; Saito, T.; Dinet, J.; Kawashima, R. Benefits of VR Physical Exercise on Cognition in Older Adults with and without Mild Cognitive Decline: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Healthcare 2021, 9, 883. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070883

AMA Style

Sakaki K, Nouchi R, Matsuzaki Y, Saito T, Dinet J, Kawashima R. Benefits of VR Physical Exercise on Cognition in Older Adults with and without Mild Cognitive Decline: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Healthcare. 2021; 9(7):883. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070883

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sakaki, Kohei, Rui Nouchi, Yutaka Matsuzaki, Toshiki Saito, Jérôme Dinet, and Ryuta Kawashima. 2021. "Benefits of VR Physical Exercise on Cognition in Older Adults with and without Mild Cognitive Decline: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials" Healthcare 9, no. 7: 883. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070883

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