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Article

Attitudes of Nursing Students towards Vaccination and Other Preventive Measures for Limitation of COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Three European Countries

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Novo Mesto, 8000 Novo Mesto, Slovenia
2
Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
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The College of Health Sciences, Academy of Applied Studies Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
4
Division for Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Šlajmerjeva 4, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas Nerlich
Healthcare 2021, 9(7), 781; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070781
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 16 June 2021 / Accepted: 18 June 2021 / Published: 22 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Education and Health Promotion)
Several preventive measures have been applied to limit the COVID-19 pandemic, including successful the development and introduction of vaccines. The aim of this study was to investigate adherence to preventive measures and vaccination intentions among nursing students in three European countries and the factors associated with vaccination intention and advising vaccination. A cross-sectional study using convenience/snow-ball sampling strategy was performed in Slovenia, Poland, and Serbia between 12 February and 5 March 2021. Data from 872 eligible respondents were analyzed (mean age 23.5 ± 6.5 years, 89% female). Higher adherence to preventive behavior was declared by those working in healthcare (p < 0.001), engaged in COVID-19 departments (p < 0.001), had not had the disease yet (p < 0.001), and had children (p = 0.01). Those groups also expressed higher vaccination intention and advised vaccination to others. Higher vaccination intention and advising vaccination were mostly associated with belief in benefits of vaccine, trust in institutions, perceived effectiveness of vaccine, influence of social environment, protection of patients and perceived health care professionals’ duty. Fear of side effects and general refusal of vaccines are the main reasons for vaccination hesitancy. The results of the study indicate how higher education institutions can support the development of appropriate professional attitudes and behaviors among nursing students. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing students; COVID-19; preventive behavior; vaccination intention; advising vaccination nursing students; COVID-19; preventive behavior; vaccination intention; advising vaccination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kregar Velikonja, N.; Dobrowolska, B.; Stanisavljević, S.; Erjavec, K.; Globevnik Velikonja, V.; Verdenik, I. Attitudes of Nursing Students towards Vaccination and Other Preventive Measures for Limitation of COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Three European Countries. Healthcare 2021, 9, 781. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070781

AMA Style

Kregar Velikonja N, Dobrowolska B, Stanisavljević S, Erjavec K, Globevnik Velikonja V, Verdenik I. Attitudes of Nursing Students towards Vaccination and Other Preventive Measures for Limitation of COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Three European Countries. Healthcare. 2021; 9(7):781. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070781

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kregar Velikonja, Nevenka, Beata Dobrowolska, Sanja Stanisavljević, Karmen Erjavec, Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, and Ivan Verdenik. 2021. "Attitudes of Nursing Students towards Vaccination and Other Preventive Measures for Limitation of COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Three European Countries" Healthcare 9, no. 7: 781. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070781

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