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The Expanding Scope, Inclusivity, and Integration of Music in Healthcare: Recent Developments, Research Illustration, and Future Direction
Article

Music Connects Us: Development of a Music-Based Group Activity Intervention to Engage People Living with Dementia and Address Loneliness

1
Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 1C9, Canada
2
Faculty of Music, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 2C5, Canada
3
College of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Annunziata Romeo
Healthcare 2021, 9(5), 570; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050570
Received: 28 March 2021 / Revised: 5 May 2021 / Accepted: 7 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Expanding Scope of Music in Healthcare)
There is a need for intervention research to understand how music-based group activities foster engagement in social interactions and relationship-building among care home residents living with moderate to severe dementia. The purpose of this conceptual paper is to describe the design of ‘Music Connects Us’, a music-based group activity intervention. Music Connects Us primarily aims to promote social connectedness and quality of life among care home residents living with moderate to severe dementia through engagement in music-making, supporting positive social interactions to develop intimate connections with others. To develop Music Connects Us, we adapted the ‘Music for Life’ program offered by Wigmore Hall in the United Kingdom, applying an intervention mapping framework and principles of engaged scholarship. This paper describes in detail the Music Connects Us program, our adaptation approach, and key adaptations made, which included: framing the project to focus on the engagement of the person living with dementia to ameliorate loneliness; inclusion of student and other community-based musicians; reduced requirements for care staff participation; and the development of a detailed musician training approach to prepare musicians to deliver the program in Canada. Description of the development, features, and rationale for Music Connects Us will support its replication in future research aimed to tests its effects and its use in clinical practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: group activity; intervention design; dementia; meaningful activity; engagement; loneliness; music group activity; intervention design; dementia; meaningful activity; engagement; loneliness; music
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MDPI and ACS Style

O’Rourke, H.M.; Hopper, T.; Bartel, L.; Archibald, M.; Hoben, M.; Swindle, J.; Thibault, D.; Whynot, T. Music Connects Us: Development of a Music-Based Group Activity Intervention to Engage People Living with Dementia and Address Loneliness. Healthcare 2021, 9, 570. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050570

AMA Style

O’Rourke HM, Hopper T, Bartel L, Archibald M, Hoben M, Swindle J, Thibault D, Whynot T. Music Connects Us: Development of a Music-Based Group Activity Intervention to Engage People Living with Dementia and Address Loneliness. Healthcare. 2021; 9(5):570. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050570

Chicago/Turabian Style

O’Rourke, Hannah M., Tammy Hopper, Lee Bartel, Mandy Archibald, Matthias Hoben, Jennifer Swindle, Danielle Thibault, and Tynisha Whynot. 2021. "Music Connects Us: Development of a Music-Based Group Activity Intervention to Engage People Living with Dementia and Address Loneliness" Healthcare 9, no. 5: 570. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050570

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