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Article

Prevalence of Balance Impairment and Factors Associated with Balance among Patients with Stroke. A Cross Sectional Retrospective Case Control Study

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jerónimo González-Bernal and Raúl Soto-Cámara
Healthcare 2021, 9(3), 320; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030320
Received: 7 February 2021 / Revised: 7 March 2021 / Accepted: 11 March 2021 / Published: 13 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Consequences of Stroke)
Stroke is a major cause of disability worldwide, and balance impairments are common disabling factors in patients with stroke, leading to falls. Thus, the study objectives were as follows: (i) To find the prevalence of balance impairment among patients with stroke. (ii) To find out the factors associated with balance impairment in patients with stroke. This cross-sectional retrospective case control study involved eighty-one post stroke patients with a mean age of 58.36 ± 14.06, recruited from six hospitals, who underwent an assessment of balance, walking speed, depression and isometric strength of the ankle and knee. These patients were later categorized into subjects with good balance (<45) in the Berg balance scale (BBS) and those with poor balance (≥45), as cases and controls, to assess the factors associated with balance impairment using binary logistic regression. The prevalence of balance impairment among patients with stroke was 48.1%. The reduction in power of knee flexors (OR = 0.858), knee extensors (OR = 0.880) and ankle dorsiflexors (OR = 0.820) was found to be significantly associated with balance impairment, along with speed (OR = 1.187 (95% CI = 1.100, 1.280)), depression (OR = 1.331 (95% CI = 1.055–1.679)) and activities of daily living (OR = 0.313 (95% CI = 0.150–0.650)). In summary, around half of the patients with stroke exhibited balance impairments, with females being more prone. View Full-Text
Keywords: stroke; balance; prevalence; risk factors; impairment stroke; balance; prevalence; risk factors; impairment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, F.; Chevidikunnan, M.F. Prevalence of Balance Impairment and Factors Associated with Balance among Patients with Stroke. A Cross Sectional Retrospective Case Control Study. Healthcare 2021, 9, 320. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030320

AMA Style

Khan F, Chevidikunnan MF. Prevalence of Balance Impairment and Factors Associated with Balance among Patients with Stroke. A Cross Sectional Retrospective Case Control Study. Healthcare. 2021; 9(3):320. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030320

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Fayaz, and Mohamed Faisal Chevidikunnan. 2021. "Prevalence of Balance Impairment and Factors Associated with Balance among Patients with Stroke. A Cross Sectional Retrospective Case Control Study" Healthcare 9, no. 3: 320. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030320

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