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Article

Assessment of Awareness and Knowledge on Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic among Seafarers

1
Telemedicine and Telepharmacy Centre, School of Medicinal and Health Products Sciences, University of Camerino, 62032 Camerino, Italy
2
Research Department, Centro Internationale Radio Medico (C.I.R.M), 00144 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Manoj Sharma, Kavita Batra and Tao-Hsin Tung
Healthcare 2021, 9(2), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020120
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 10 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 25 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection COVID-19: Impact on Public Health and Healthcare)
Background: The ongoing pandemic due to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is becoming a serious global threat. Experts suggest that the infection can be controlled by immediate prevention measures. Sailing is one of the occupational categories more vulnerable to this virus outbreak due to the proximity of the working conditions. Objective: Awareness and knowledge assessments of seafarers towards the current epidemic is mandatory to understand the effectiveness and success of the infection control measures adopted by shipping companies. Methods: In this study, we presented an online questionnaire survey to determine the knowledge levels of COVID-19 among seafarers. The data were collected by self-reported survey, and analysis was done by the analysis of variance (ANOVA). The t-test was used to understand the knowledge attitude differences to COVID-19 among different occupational groups of seafarers, and the p-value ≤ of 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Among 1,458 responses received, 92.82% had a college or university degree. The results reported that the mean COVID-19 knowledge score was 5.82 (standard deviation = 0.51, range 0–6), and the overall correct percentage was 97%. There was a statistically significant difference between age groups (F (4, 1453) = 5.44, p < 0.001) and educational groups (F (4, 1453) = 1.52, p < 0.001). The knowledge score was not significantly different across the educational status of the participants (F (2, 1455) = 1.52, p = 0.220). Conclusions: The present study highlighted good knowledge and behaviours among sailors about COVID-19. However, shipping companies need to come up with new campaigns to hold optimistic practices and suitable guidelines on ships, including cruise boats, to keep sea workers always alert and collaborative in mitigating the spread of COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 spreading; online survey; awareness and knowledge; ships; seafarers COVID-19 spreading; online survey; awareness and knowledge; ships; seafarers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Battineni, G.; Sagaro, G.G.; Chintalapudi, N.; Di Canio, M.; Amenta, F. Assessment of Awareness and Knowledge on Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic among Seafarers. Healthcare 2021, 9, 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020120

AMA Style

Battineni G, Sagaro GG, Chintalapudi N, Di Canio M, Amenta F. Assessment of Awareness and Knowledge on Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic among Seafarers. Healthcare. 2021; 9(2):120. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Battineni, Gopi, Getu G. Sagaro, Nalini Chintalapudi, Marzio Di Canio, and Francesco Amenta. 2021. "Assessment of Awareness and Knowledge on Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic among Seafarers" Healthcare 9, no. 2: 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020120

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