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Article

A Descriptive Study on Causes of Death in Hospitalized Patients in an Acute General Hospital of Southern Italy during the Lockdown due to Covid-19 Outbreak

1
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Via Luciano Armanni 5, 80138 Naples, Italy
2
Unit of Legal Medicine, AORN “San Giuseppe Moscati”, Contrada Amoretta, 83100 Avellino, Italy
3
Unit of Infectious Disease, AORN “San Giuseppe Moscati”, Contrada Amoretta, 83100 Avellino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2021, 9(2), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020119
Received: 22 November 2020 / Revised: 14 January 2021 / Accepted: 20 January 2021 / Published: 25 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forensic Science and Legal Medicine: A Multidisciplinary Puzzle!)
(1) Background: All deaths that occurred in a hospital of Southern Italy (“San Giuseppe Moscati” Hospital of Avellino) with medium jurisdiction (up to 425,000 citizens approximately) in the period from 9 March to 4 May 2020 were analyzed. The primary endpoint of the study was to analyze the causes of death in the period study. Secondary endpoints included: (1) the assessment of overall mortality in the emergency period compared with the same period of the past years (2018–2019) in the jurisdiction area; (2) the assessment of the amounts of deaths with positive and negative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs; (3) the frequency of clinical and radiological features consistent with Covid-19 infection in negative RT-PCR cases. (2) Methods: Patients’ information and laboratory data were collected through the computerized medical record system (My Hospital, Italy) used for the clinical management of all referring patients. Epidemiological, clinical, and radiological data were reviewed along with the results of nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs. (3) Results: From 9 March to 4 May 2020, 140 deaths (87 males, 53 females) from all causes occurred in total at “San Giuseppe Moscati” Hospital, of which 32 deaths were Covid-19 related. (4) Conclusions: The excess of mortality could be higher than the one reported in the official epidemiological surveys. False negative cases can have a distorting effect on the assessment of the real mortality rate and the excess mortality. Furthermore, many who died from Covid-19 were likely never tested or they had false negative RT-PCR results. Other victims probably died from causes indirectly related to Covid-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; mortality; RT-PCR; chest computed tomography COVID-19; mortality; RT-PCR; chest computed tomography
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mascolo, P.; Feola, A.; Sementa, C.; Leone, S.; Zangani, P.; Della Pietra, B.; Campobasso, C.P. A Descriptive Study on Causes of Death in Hospitalized Patients in an Acute General Hospital of Southern Italy during the Lockdown due to Covid-19 Outbreak. Healthcare 2021, 9, 119. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020119

AMA Style

Mascolo P, Feola A, Sementa C, Leone S, Zangani P, Della Pietra B, Campobasso CP. A Descriptive Study on Causes of Death in Hospitalized Patients in an Acute General Hospital of Southern Italy during the Lockdown due to Covid-19 Outbreak. Healthcare. 2021; 9(2):119. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020119

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mascolo, Pasquale, Alessandro Feola, Carmen Sementa, Sebastiano Leone, Pierluca Zangani, Bruno Della Pietra, and Carlo Pietro Campobasso. 2021. "A Descriptive Study on Causes of Death in Hospitalized Patients in an Acute General Hospital of Southern Italy during the Lockdown due to Covid-19 Outbreak" Healthcare 9, no. 2: 119. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020119

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