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Article

Association between Educational Level and Physical Activity in Chronic Disease Patients of Eastern Slovakia

1
Institute of Physical Education and Sport, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
2
Faculty of Sport, University of Prešov, 080 01 Prešov, Slovakia
3
Faculty of Humanities and Natural Sciences, University of Prešov, 080 01 Prešov, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: João Paulo Brito
Healthcare 2021, 9(11), 1447; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111447
Received: 24 August 2021 / Revised: 6 October 2021 / Accepted: 18 October 2021 / Published: 26 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety)
Aims: This study aimed to investigate selected chronic diseases patients with different educational attainment regarding their awareness of and compliance with recommended physical activity. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2018 to February 2019 in cooperation with chronic diseases clinics in eastern Slovakia. The study involved 893 patients. Results: People with higher education apparently recognise to a greater extent the importance of nutrition, diet, and the role of physical activity in treating their disease. Moreover, they have knowledge of physical exercises appropriate for their disease. Conversely, a noticeably higher number of less educated patients reported receiving general, respectively detailed information about the importance of physical activity in treating their disease. Differences in awareness of appropriate exercises and their implementation were not statistically significant. Conclusions: The results fail to prove educational attainment being a key determinant of chronic diseases. However, it can be reasonably argued that lower educational attainment may be a reliable risk signal of chronic diseases in later life. View Full-Text
Keywords: educational level; chronic disease patients; leisure time activity; patients’ awareness; physical activity; prevention educational level; chronic disease patients; leisure time activity; patients’ awareness; physical activity; prevention
MDPI and ACS Style

Buková, A.; Chovanová, E.; Küchelová, Z.; Junger, J.; Horbacz, A.; Majherová, M.; Duranková, S. Association between Educational Level and Physical Activity in Chronic Disease Patients of Eastern Slovakia. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111447

AMA Style

Buková A, Chovanová E, Küchelová Z, Junger J, Horbacz A, Majherová M, Duranková S. Association between Educational Level and Physical Activity in Chronic Disease Patients of Eastern Slovakia. Healthcare. 2021; 9(11):1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111447

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buková, Alena, Erika Chovanová, Zuzana Küchelová, Jan Junger, Agata Horbacz, Mária Majherová, and Silvia Duranková. 2021. "Association between Educational Level and Physical Activity in Chronic Disease Patients of Eastern Slovakia" Healthcare 9, no. 11: 1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111447

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