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Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Correlation between Climate Change and Human Health Based on a Machine Learning Approach

1
School of Engineering, University of Basilicata Macchia Romana, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, 85100 Potenza, Italy
2
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Building Services, Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Prof. Dimitrie Mangeron Blvd. 65, 700259 Iași, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2021, 9(1), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010086
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 12 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2021 / Published: 17 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Artificial Intelligence in Medicine)
Climate change increasingly affects every aspect of human life. Recent studies report a close correlation with human health and it is estimated that global death rates will increase by 73 per 100,000 by 2100 due to changes in temperature. In this context, the present work aims to study the correlation between climate change and human health, on a global scale, using artificial intelligence techniques. Starting from previous studies on a smaller scale, that represent climate change and which at the same time can be linked to human health, four factors were chosen. Four causes of mortality, strongly correlated with the environment and climatic variability, were subsequently selected. Various analyses were carried out, using neural networks and machine learning to find a correlation between mortality due to certain diseases and the leading causes of climate change. Our findings suggest that anthropogenic climate change is strongly correlated with human health; some diseases are mainly related to risk factors while others require a more significant number of variables to derive a correlation. In addition, a forecast of victims related to climate change was formulated. The predicted scenario confirms that a prevalently increasing trend in climate change factors corresponds to an increase in victims. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental conditions; mortality cases; morbidity cases; neural networks; artificial intelligence; forecast environmental conditions; mortality cases; morbidity cases; neural networks; artificial intelligence; forecast
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pizzulli, V.A.; Telesca, V.; Covatariu, G. Analysis of Correlation between Climate Change and Human Health Based on a Machine Learning Approach. Healthcare 2021, 9, 86. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010086

AMA Style

Pizzulli VA, Telesca V, Covatariu G. Analysis of Correlation between Climate Change and Human Health Based on a Machine Learning Approach. Healthcare. 2021; 9(1):86. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010086

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pizzulli, Vito A.; Telesca, Vito; Covatariu, Gabriela. 2021. "Analysis of Correlation between Climate Change and Human Health Based on a Machine Learning Approach" Healthcare 9, no. 1: 86. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010086

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