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The Level of Health Literacy of Seniors Living in Eastern Region of Poland. Preliminary Study

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Department of Management in Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Family Medicine and Community Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Paediatric Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Development in Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
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Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Sociology, John Paul II Catholic University, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 277; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030277
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 8 August 2020 / Accepted: 15 August 2020 / Published: 17 August 2020
Health literacy (HL) is recognised as an important, modifiable factor in the self-management and health performance of elderly people. The aim of this preliminary study was to identify and analyse the level of health literacy among the elderly living in one of the eastern regions in Poland. The cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 200 seniors aged 65+ after cognitive pre-screening with the use of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale. To collect data, the Polish version of the HLS-EU-Q47 was used. More than half of the elderly surveyed presented problematic levels of general HL (GEN-HL), and also problematic levels of other dimensions: health care health literacy (HC-HL), disease prevention health literacy (DP-HL), and health promotion health literacy (HP-HL). The level of seniors’ HL is dependent on the level of their education, place of living, participation in activities run by Daily Center for the Elderly, and their self-assessment of health condition (p < 0.05). These results imply the important message that there is a need to create initiatives and programs improving health literacy targeted at seniors living in rural areas, those with lower levels of education, and those with poor access to activities organised by institutions supporting seniors. View Full-Text
Keywords: elderly; health literacy; HLS-EU 47 tool; eastern Poland elderly; health literacy; HLS-EU 47 tool; eastern Poland
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Kosicka, B.; Deluga, A.; Bąk, J.; Chałdaś-Majdańska, J.; Bieniak, M.; Machul, M.; Chrzan-Rodak, A.; Jurek, K.; Dobrowolska, B. The Level of Health Literacy of Seniors Living in Eastern Region of Poland. Preliminary Study. Healthcare 2020, 8, 277.

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