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Comparison of the Effects of Hand Reflexology versus Acupressure on Anxiety and Vital Signs in Female Patients with Coronary Artery Diseases

1
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahed University, Tehran 3319118651, Iran
2
Elderly Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahed University, Tehran 3319118651, Iran
3
Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1435915371, Iran
4
Iranian Scientific Acupuncture Association, Tehran 1414734117, Iran
5
Department of Nursing, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar 9617913114, Iran
6
College of Nursing, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59715, USA
7
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, 8049 Bodø, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2019, 7(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7010026
Received: 2 December 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2019 / Accepted: 2 February 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Healthcare in 2018)
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Abstract

Hospitalization in the cardiac care unit can increase anxiety in patients. This study aimed to compare hand reflexology versus acupressure on anxiety and vital signs in female patients with coronary artery diseases. This double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial with a pre- and post-intervention design was conducted on 135 female patients with coronary artery diseases. Female patients hospitalized in a cardiac care unit were randomly divided into three groups of hand reflexology, acupressure and placebo (n = 45 patients in each group) using blocking and a table of random numbers. Data was collected using the Spielberger anxiety inventory. Also, their vital signs were measured before, immediately after and half an hour after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using descriptive and analytical statistics. Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference in anxiety levels between the groups (p > 0.05). Also, the effects of hand reflexology and acupressure immediately and half an hour later on the reduction of anxiety and vital signs were equal (p < 0.05). Implementation of hand reflexology and acupressure can have positive effects on anxiety and vital signs in patients with coronary artery diseases. They can reduce patients’ anxiety with an equal effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: acupressure; complementary therapies; anxiety; coronary artery disease; hand reflexology; vital sign acupressure; complementary therapies; anxiety; coronary artery disease; hand reflexology; vital sign
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Rahmani Vasokolaei, Z.; Rejeh, N.; Heravi-Karimooi, M.; Tadrisi, S.D.; Saatchi, K.; Poshtchaman, Z.; Sieloff, C.; Vaismoradi, M. Comparison of the Effects of Hand Reflexology versus Acupressure on Anxiety and Vital Signs in Female Patients with Coronary Artery Diseases. Healthcare 2019, 7, 26.

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