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Review

Assessment of Health Information Technology Interventions in Evidence-Based Medicine: A Systematic Review by Adopting a Methodological Evaluation Framework

1
Department of Computer Science and Biomedical Informatics, School of Sciences, University of Thessaly, Papasiopoulou 2-4, Galaneika, Lamia 35100, Greece
2
Department of Business Administration, Health & Welfare Units Administration Division, Technological Educational Institute of Peloponnese, Antikalamos, Kalamata 24100, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2018, 6(3), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6030109
Received: 10 July 2018 / Revised: 15 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Public Health)
Background: The application of Health Information Technologies (HITs) can be an effective way to advance medical research and health services provision. The two-fold objective of this work is to: (i) identify and review state-of-the-art HITs that facilitate the aims of evidence-based medicine and (ii) propose a methodology for HIT assessment. Methods: The systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Furthermore, we consolidated existing knowledge in the field and proposed a Synthesis Framework for the Assessment of Health Information Technology (SF/HIT) in order to evaluate the joint use of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) along with HITs in the field of evidence-based medicine. Results: 55 articles met the inclusion criteria and refer to 51 (RCTs) published between 2008 and 2016. Significant improvements in healthcare through the use of HITs were observed in the findings of 31 out of 51 trials—60.8%. We also confirmed that RCTs are valuable tools for assessing the effectiveness, acceptability, safety, privacy, appropriateness, satisfaction, performance, usefulness and adherence. Conclusions: To improve health service delivery, RCTs apply and exhibit formalization by providing measurable outputs. Towards this direction, we propose the SF/HIT as a framework which may help researchers to carry out appropriate evaluations and extend their studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Medical Subject Headings (MeSH); Health Information Technology (HIT); evidence-based medicine; Evidence-based Health Informatics (EBHI); healthcare quality; systematic review Medical Subject Headings (MeSH); Health Information Technology (HIT); evidence-based medicine; Evidence-based Health Informatics (EBHI); healthcare quality; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Christopoulou, S.C.; Kotsilieris, T.; Anagnostopoulos, I. Assessment of Health Information Technology Interventions in Evidence-Based Medicine: A Systematic Review by Adopting a Methodological Evaluation Framework. Healthcare 2018, 6, 109. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6030109

AMA Style

Christopoulou SC, Kotsilieris T, Anagnostopoulos I. Assessment of Health Information Technology Interventions in Evidence-Based Medicine: A Systematic Review by Adopting a Methodological Evaluation Framework. Healthcare. 2018; 6(3):109. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6030109

Chicago/Turabian Style

Christopoulou, Stella C., Theodore Kotsilieris, and Ioannis Anagnostopoulos. 2018. "Assessment of Health Information Technology Interventions in Evidence-Based Medicine: A Systematic Review by Adopting a Methodological Evaluation Framework" Healthcare 6, no. 3: 109. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6030109

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