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Article

Behavioral and Emotional Changes One Year after the First Lockdown Induced by COVID-19 in a French Adult Population

1
University Clermont Auvergne, UNH, UMR1019, INRAE, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
2
University Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, GAEL, INRAE, Grenoble INP, 38000 Grenoble, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daniele Giansanti
Healthcare 2022, 10(6), 1042; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10061042
Received: 26 April 2022 / Revised: 24 May 2022 / Accepted: 31 May 2022 / Published: 3 June 2022
(1) Background: The lockdown had various consequences on physical activity and food consumption behaviors. The post-lockdown has been much less studied. The aim of this study is to compare behaviors one year after the first lockdown in a group of normal-weight (NW) or overweight French adults (OW). (2) Methods: Over a period of 4 days, both at the beginning of May 2020 (lockdown) and in June 2021 (free living post-lockdown), the same French adults used the WellBeNet smartphone application to record their sedentary behavior, physical activity (PA), food consumption and emotions. (3) Results: One year post first lockdown, the weight and body mass index increased (+1.1 kg; +0.4 kg.m−2, p < 0.01), and sedentary behaviors increased (+5.5%, p < 0.01) to the detriment of light-intensity activities (−3.3%, p = 0.10) in the whole group. Some food categories, such as alcohol, tended to be consumed more (+0.15 portion/day, p = 0.09), while fatty, salty and sugary products decreased (−0.25 portion/d, p = 0.02) but without a change in the food balance score. A higher number of both positive and negative emotions were scored per day (+9.5, p < 0.0001; +2.9, p = 0.03), and the positive ones were perceived stronger (+0.23, p = 0.09). Simultaneously, the desire to eat was lower (−11.6/100, p < 0.0001), and the desire to move remained constant. Sedentary/active behaviors and the desire to eat changed differently in NW and OW adults after the lockdown. (4) Conclusions: In general, the post-lockdown period was less favorable for physical activity practice and resulted in a similar food balance score but was more conducive to mental wellbeing. View Full-Text
Keywords: post-lockdown; sedentary behavior; physical activity; food choice; positive emotions; desire to eat; adult; COVID-19; smartphone post-lockdown; sedentary behavior; physical activity; food choice; positive emotions; desire to eat; adult; COVID-19; smartphone
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rousset, S.; Level, A.; François, F.; Muller, L. Behavioral and Emotional Changes One Year after the First Lockdown Induced by COVID-19 in a French Adult Population. Healthcare 2022, 10, 1042. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10061042

AMA Style

Rousset S, Level A, François F, Muller L. Behavioral and Emotional Changes One Year after the First Lockdown Induced by COVID-19 in a French Adult Population. Healthcare. 2022; 10(6):1042. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10061042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rousset, Sylvie, Aurélie Level, Florine François, and Laurent Muller. 2022. "Behavioral and Emotional Changes One Year after the First Lockdown Induced by COVID-19 in a French Adult Population" Healthcare 10, no. 6: 1042. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10061042

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