(1) Background: The lockdown had various consequences on physical activity and food consumption behaviors. The post-lockdown has been much less studied. The aim of this study is to compare behaviors one year after the first lockdown in a group of normal-weight (NW) or overweight French adults (OW). (2) Methods: Over a period of 4 days, both at the beginning of May 2020 (lockdown) and in June 2021 (free living post-lockdown), the same French adults used the WellBeNet smartphone application to record their sedentary behavior, physical activity (PA), food consumption and emotions. (3) Results: One year post first lockdown, the weight and body mass index increased (+1.1 kg; +0.4 kg.m−2
< 0.01), and sedentary behaviors increased (+5.5%, p
< 0.01) to the detriment of light-intensity activities (−3.3%, p
= 0.10) in the whole group. Some food categories, such as alcohol, tended to be consumed more (+0.15 portion/day, p
= 0.09), while fatty, salty and sugary products decreased (−0.25 portion/d, p
= 0.02) but without a change in the food balance score. A higher number of both positive and negative emotions were scored per day (+9.5, p
< 0.0001; +2.9, p
= 0.03), and the positive ones were perceived stronger (+0.23, p
= 0.09). Simultaneously, the desire to eat was lower (−11.6/100, p
< 0.0001), and the desire to move remained constant. Sedentary/active behaviors and the desire to eat changed differently in NW and OW adults after the lockdown. (4) Conclusions: In general, the post-lockdown period was less favorable for physical activity practice and resulted in a similar food balance score but was more conducive to mental wellbeing.
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