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Article

Patients’ and Nurses’ Perceptions of Importance of Caring Nurse–Patient Interactions: Do They Differ?

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Faculty of Dental Medicine and Health Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
2
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Centre Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mei-Yueh Lee
Healthcare 2022, 10(3), 554; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030554
Received: 6 February 2022 / Revised: 9 March 2022 / Accepted: 15 March 2022 / Published: 16 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Patient Care Assessment)
Nurse–patient interaction is a professional and therapeutic relationship created to enable nurses to assess, plan, and deliver health care aimed at meeting patients’ basic human needs. The main aim of this study was to identify distinctive characteristics and differences in perceptions between patients and nurses related to the importance of caring interactions and to examine the contribution of independent variables in explaining their perceptions. A total of 446 respondents were included in the research (291 patients and 155 registered nurses). Data were collected using the translated and standardized 70-item version of the Caring Nurse–Patient Interactions Scale (CNPI-70) version for patients and version for nurses. According to the overall CNPI-70 scale, there was a significant difference in patients’ and nurses’ perception (p < 0.001). Patients assessed caring nurse–patient interactions significantly higher (4.39) than nurses (4.16). Additionally, nurses assessed all subscales significantly lower than patients who assessed them high (p < 0.05), except for the subscales for “environment” (p = 0.123) and “spirituality” (p = 0.132). Independent variables did not contribute to an explanation of respondents’ perceptions. Providing quality physical assistance in meeting human needs through effective communication and teaching is crucial for promoting a holistic patient approach, improving psychosocial support and nurse–patient interaction, and attaining greater satisfaction with health care provided without additional financial investments. View Full-Text
Keywords: caring; clinical practice; nurses; nurse–patient interaction; health care; humanism caring; clinical practice; nurses; nurse–patient interaction; health care; humanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vujanić, J.; Mikšić, Š.; Barać, I.; Včev, A.; Lovrić, R. Patients’ and Nurses’ Perceptions of Importance of Caring Nurse–Patient Interactions: Do They Differ? Healthcare 2022, 10, 554. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030554

AMA Style

Vujanić J, Mikšić Š, Barać I, Včev A, Lovrić R. Patients’ and Nurses’ Perceptions of Importance of Caring Nurse–Patient Interactions: Do They Differ? Healthcare. 2022; 10(3):554. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030554

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vujanić, Jasenka, Štefica Mikšić, Ivana Barać, Aleksandar Včev, and Robert Lovrić. 2022. "Patients’ and Nurses’ Perceptions of Importance of Caring Nurse–Patient Interactions: Do They Differ?" Healthcare 10, no. 3: 554. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030554

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