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Article

Quotation Accuracy of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols on Acupuncture

1
Metabolic Bone Diseases Research Group, Nursing Department, Nursing and Occupational Therapy College, Universidad de Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
2
University Hospital of Burgos, Universitario de Burgos, 09006 Burgos, Spain
3
Nursing Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio, 28691 Madrid, Spain
4
Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio, 28691 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Manoj Sharma and Kavita Batra
Healthcare 2022, 10(1), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010055
Received: 6 December 2021 / Revised: 22 December 2021 / Accepted: 27 December 2021 / Published: 29 December 2021
Currently, published systematic review protocols (SR protocols) have increasingly become a new trend in fields such as acupuncture and are therefore a new source of quotations in these fields. Systematic reviews are considered the pinnacle of the evidence pyramid as they embody comprehensive literature searching. Quotations are key elements to achieve this goal as they can support the assertions of the original authors, but the ‘misquotation’ exists, too, and they can be misleading to the reader. The aim of this study was to examine the quotation accuracy of SR protocols in a meta-analysis on acupuncture research. We searched SCOPUS through 31 December, 2020, and each protocol and its citations were analyzed and classified as correct or incorrect. We used descriptive statistics to report the quotation errors and characteristics of the included protocols. The results showed 248 SR protocols, where 124 protocols received quotations and 38 quotations (31.4%) were erroneous. Only 11 (4.4%) of the published SRs and SR protocols had been published previously. Furthermore, the scientific journal in which the most SR protocols were published was Medicine (193; 77.8%), followed by BMJ Open (39; 15.7%). Authors from China (86.5%) were the most productive in publishing SRs and SR protocols. Finally, we concluded that the number of SR protocols and meta-analyses published in scientific journals and indexed by databases exceeds the publication capacity of the SRs associated with them, generating scientific literature that does not make any novel contribution to knowledge. View Full-Text
Keywords: systematic reviews; systematic review protocols; acupuncture systematic reviews; systematic review protocols; acupuncture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Morán, J.M.; Romero-Moreno, M.; Santillán-García, A.; Herrera-Peco, I. Quotation Accuracy of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols on Acupuncture. Healthcare 2022, 10, 55. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010055

AMA Style

Morán JM, Romero-Moreno M, Santillán-García A, Herrera-Peco I. Quotation Accuracy of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols on Acupuncture. Healthcare. 2022; 10(1):55. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010055

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morán, José M., María Romero-Moreno, Azucena Santillán-García, and Ivan Herrera-Peco. 2022. "Quotation Accuracy of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols on Acupuncture" Healthcare 10, no. 1: 55. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010055

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