Next Article in Journal
A Node Embedding-Based Influential Spreaders Identification Approach
Previous Article in Journal
The Theory of Cognitive-Conditional Conservatism in Accounting
Open AccessArticle

Understanding the Interactions between the Scrum Master and the Development Team: A Game-Theoretic Approach

1
Purdue Polytechnic Institute, Purdue University, 401 N. Grant St., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2
Department of Computer and Information Technology, Purdue University, 401 N. Grant St., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mathematics 2020, 8(9), 1553; https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091553
Received: 7 August 2020 / Revised: 7 September 2020 / Accepted: 8 September 2020 / Published: 10 September 2020
Scrum methodology is widely used in the information technology (IT) industry for the purposes of team-based iterative software development. However, limited studies have been conducted to explore the nature of interactions between a Scrum Master and other team members and the effect of these interactions on team effectiveness. The aim of this study is to understand the interactions between the Scrum Master and other team members in an educational setting and propose and demonstrate an application of cooperative game theory for the same. Cooperative game theory can model scenarios where other team members can benefit from cooperating. Through the lens of the cooperative game-theoretic model, we investigated the strategies employed by the Scrum Master and other team members when involved in a semi-capstone IT project. Specifically, the study explored the team interaction between a Scrum Master and other team members at three different levels of team effectiveness: least effective, partially effective, and most effective. Our results indicate that a Scrum Master should be active to maximize their payoff as well as the teams’ overall payoff. Contrary to this, other team members should be active in the most and partially effective teams, while being passive in the least effective teams at higher costs of interpersonal relations and the processes. The results of the study represent a novel application of game-theoretic modeling for understanding the Scrum Master and other team member interactions. These results are applicable not just in an educational setting but also to the wider area of software development by identifying the right set of strategies by the Scrum Master, and other team members in order to help IT professionals to maximize their payoff. View Full-Text
Keywords: game theory; Scrum Master; teamwork; leadership; team effectiveness; decision making game theory; Scrum Master; teamwork; leadership; team effectiveness; decision making
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Karabiyik, T.; Jaiswal, A.; Thomas, P.; J. Magana, A. Understanding the Interactions between the Scrum Master and the Development Team: A Game-Theoretic Approach. Mathematics 2020, 8, 1553. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091553

AMA Style

Karabiyik T, Jaiswal A, Thomas P, J. Magana A. Understanding the Interactions between the Scrum Master and the Development Team: A Game-Theoretic Approach. Mathematics. 2020; 8(9):1553. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091553

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karabiyik, Tugba; Jaiswal, Aparajita; Thomas, Paul; J. Magana, Alejandra. 2020. "Understanding the Interactions between the Scrum Master and the Development Team: A Game-Theoretic Approach" Mathematics 8, no. 9: 1553. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091553

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop