In this work, our aim is to obtain conditions to assure polynomial approximation in Hilbert spaces
a compactly supported measure in the complex plane, in terms of properties of the associated moment matrix with the measure
. To do it, in the more general context of Hermitian positive semidefinite matrices, we introduce two indexes,
, associated with different optimization problems concerning theses matrices. Our main result is a characterization of density of polynomials in the case of measures supported on Jordan curves with non-empty interior using the index
and other specific index related to it. Moreover, we provide a new point of view of bounded point evaluations associated with a measure in terms of the index
that will allow us to give an alternative proof of Thomson’s theorem, by using these matrix indexes. We point out that our techniques are based in matrix algebra tools in the framework of Hermitian positive definite matrices and in the computation of certain indexes related to some optimization problems for infinite matrices.
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