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Article

Best Approximation of the Fractional Semi-Derivative Operator by Exponential Series

Institute of Mathematics and Information Technologies, Volgograd State University, Volgograd 400062, Russia
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Mathematics 2018, 6(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/math6010012
Received: 30 November 2017 / Revised: 11 January 2018 / Accepted: 12 January 2018 / Published: 16 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fractional Calculus: Theory and Applications)
A significant reduction in the time required to obtain an estimate of the mean frequency of the spectrum of Doppler signals when seeking to measure the instantaneous velocity of dangerous near-Earth cosmic objects (NEO) is an important task being developed to counter the threat from asteroids. Spectral analysis methods have shown that the coordinate of the centroid of the Doppler signal spectrum can be found by using operations in the time domain without spectral processing. At the same time, an increase in the speed of resolving the algorithm for estimating the mean frequency of the spectrum is achieved by using fractional differentiation without spectral processing. Thus, an accurate estimate of location of the centroid for the spectrum of Doppler signals can be obtained in the time domain as the signal arrives. This paper considers the implementation of a fractional-differentiating filter of the order of ½ by a set of automation astatic transfer elements, which greatly simplifies practical implementation. Real technical devices have the ultimate time delay, albeit small in comparison with the duration of the signal. As a result, the real filter will process the signal with some error. In accordance with this, this paper introduces and uses the concept of a “pre-derivative” of ½ of magnitude. An optimal algorithm for realizing the structure of the filter is proposed based on the criterion of minimum mean square error. Relations are obtained for the quadrature coefficients that determine the structure of the filter. View Full-Text
Keywords: near-earth objects; potentially hazardous asteroids; radial velocity determination; real-time measurements; differential filter; fractional derivative; approximate integration; exponential series near-earth objects; potentially hazardous asteroids; radial velocity determination; real-time measurements; differential filter; fractional derivative; approximate integration; exponential series
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zakharchenko, V.D.; Kovalenko, I.G. Best Approximation of the Fractional Semi-Derivative Operator by Exponential Series. Mathematics 2018, 6, 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/math6010012

AMA Style

Zakharchenko VD, Kovalenko IG. Best Approximation of the Fractional Semi-Derivative Operator by Exponential Series. Mathematics. 2018; 6(1):12. https://doi.org/10.3390/math6010012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zakharchenko, Vladimir D., and Ilya G. Kovalenko 2018. "Best Approximation of the Fractional Semi-Derivative Operator by Exponential Series" Mathematics 6, no. 1: 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/math6010012

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