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Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties, Communication, Intelligence, and Reasoning in Children with Hearing Difficulties

1
Department of Didactics and Educational Research, University of La Laguna, 38200 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
2
Department of Didactics and Educational Organization, University of Seville, 41004 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(3), 234; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9030234
Received: 14 July 2019 / Revised: 26 August 2019 / Accepted: 29 August 2019 / Published: 4 September 2019
This study aims to investigate whether emotional and behavioral difficulties (EBD) differ between children with cochlear implants (CIs) or hearing aids (HAs), according to multi-informant ratings. Methods: A battery of psychological measures (e.g., Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities (ITPA), Peabody Image Vocabulary Test (PPVT), and Raven Progressive Matrices Test (RPM), was administered to children with CIs or HAs. The study involved 187 children with CIs, 113 children with HAs, 176 fathers and mothers, and 300 schoolteachers. Results: Significant disagreements were found between children, parents, and schoolteachers with regard to SDQ ratings. Total SDQ difficulties score correlated poorly with other outcomes (e.g., total ITPA, final PPVT, and final RPM). Regression linear analyses showed six socio-demographic and linguistic covariates that significantly predicted children’s total SDQ difficulties score. Conclusion: Several independent variables were found to be associated with children’s total EBD scores. This article highlights the importance of providing professionals with sufficient training so that they are knowledgeable about the procedures they are to use to support children with EBD (e.g., developing and implementing instructional approaches for school students with EBD). View Full-Text
Keywords: cochlear implant; hearing aid; family; teacher; SDQ cochlear implant; hearing aid; family; teacher; SDQ
MDPI and ACS Style

Alegre de la Rosa, O.M.; Villar Angulo, L.M. Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties, Communication, Intelligence, and Reasoning in Children with Hearing Difficulties. Educ. Sci. 2019, 9, 234. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9030234

AMA Style

Alegre de la Rosa OM, Villar Angulo LM. Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties, Communication, Intelligence, and Reasoning in Children with Hearing Difficulties. Education Sciences. 2019; 9(3):234. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9030234

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alegre de la Rosa, Olga M., and Luis M. Villar Angulo 2019. "Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties, Communication, Intelligence, and Reasoning in Children with Hearing Difficulties" Education Sciences 9, no. 3: 234. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9030234

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