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Relevance and Values of Gandhi’s and Bacha Khan’s Moral Education in Negotiating/Addressing Situated Disparities of South Asia

The Hugh Downs School of Human Communication, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85281, USA
Department of Sociology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 23200, Pakistan
Department of Sociology, Bacha Khan University, Charsadda 24420, Pakistan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(2), 108;
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 5 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 19 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Moral Education and Identity)
PDF [219 KB, uploaded 19 May 2019]


Focusing on the contemporary conflicts and social political complexities of South Asia (specifically, India and Pakistan), this paper explores the roles and relevance of Gandhi’s and Bacha Khan’s moral education in negotiating/addressing the situated disparities. Drawing from the words and wisdom of Gandhi and Bacha Khan, this paper examines identity issues particularly in the context of (i) gender (disparities and struggles of women (and girls) in the society); (ii) age (situation and contributions of youths and elderly people in bringing about changes); (iii) class (including occupational and caste-based complexities and their negotiations); (iv) ethnicity (struggles of indigenous populations in overcoming situated adversities); (v) religion (tensions and acts of negotiating religious orthodoxies towards creating more secular society); and (vi) regional identities (roles of regional identities in fostering local development). Grounded in their philosophies and pedagogies, the paper discusses the contributions of the two visionaries and their epistemologies/ideologies in studying and/or addressing the issues of contemporary world. This scholarship seems particularly important today when dominant sociopolitical and religious institutions and their agendas often do not value (if not oppose) such moral education, which potentially affects the lives of South Asian populations at large. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gandhi; Bacha Khan; South Asia; moral education; identity Gandhi; Bacha Khan; South Asia; moral education; identity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Dutta, U.; Ali, S.R.; Ahmad, N. Relevance and Values of Gandhi’s and Bacha Khan’s Moral Education in Negotiating/Addressing Situated Disparities of South Asia. Educ. Sci. 2019, 9, 108.

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