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Educ. Sci. 2018, 8(3), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8030134

Confident Parents for Easier Children: A Parental Self-Efficacy Program to Improve Young Children’s Behavior

1
Psychological Sciences Research Institute, University of Louvain, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
2
Faculté de Psychologie, Logopédie et Sciences de L’éducation, Université de Liège, 4000 Liege, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 June 2018 / Revised: 13 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
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Abstract

This study presents the effects on children’s behavior of Confident Parents, a focused parenting program targeting parental self-efficacy. This parenting program aims to improve child behavior through the enhancement of parental self-efficacy. Confident Parents was experimentally tested on a total sample of 80 parents of three-to-six-year-old preschool aged children with moderate to clinical levels of externalizing behavior. Thirty-seven parents participated in the program, and were compared with a waitlist control group (n = 43). The intervention consisted of eight weekly group sessions. Effect sizes were evaluated through both observational and parent-report measures on the child’s behavior, as well as self-reported parental self-efficacy at pretest, post-test, and a four-month follow-up. Through a multi-level analysis, predictors of the change in the child’s behavior were identified. The moderating effect of socio-economic risk and externalizing behavior at baseline were also included in the analysis. Results show that Confident Parents improved the child’s behavior, both reported by parents and, to a lesser extent, when observed in interaction with the parent. Children with higher levels of behavior difficulty benefited more while those with socio-economic risk benefited less from this program. These results illustrate that focusing a parenting program on improving self-efficacy is effective to reduce externalizing behavior in children. This underdeveloped treatment target is worthy of investigation in parenting intervention research. View Full-Text
Keywords: parenting; preschoolers; intervention; self-efficacy; child externalizing behavior parenting; preschoolers; intervention; self-efficacy; child externalizing behavior
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mouton, B.; Loop, L.; Stiévenart, M.; Roskam, I. Confident Parents for Easier Children: A Parental Self-Efficacy Program to Improve Young Children’s Behavior. Educ. Sci. 2018, 8, 134.

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