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On the Potential of Augmented Reality for Mathematics Teaching with the Application cleARmaths

Lattice Boltzmann Research Group, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
Virtual Automation Lab, Esslingen University of Applied Sciences, 73728 Esslingen, Germany
Center of Mass Spectrometry and Optical Spectroscopy, Mannheim University of Applied Sciences, 68163 Mannheim, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Su Cai
Educ. Sci. 2021, 11(8), 368;
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 15 July 2021 / Accepted: 16 July 2021 / Published: 21 July 2021
Learning content in mathematics, such as vector geometry, is still predominantly taught in an abstract manner, as the visualization and interaction of three-dimensional problems are limited with classical forms of teaching such as blackboard lessons or exercise sheets. This research article proposes the use of augmented reality (AR) in mathematics education. The proposed approach aims at easing the learning process related to vector geometry currently taught in senior mathematics classes by using intuitive visualization. The article introduces the concept of AR and presents the didactic foundations and the influence on the learning process based on an extensive literature review. Although studies see great potential in the use of AR for teaching mathematics, the method has so far hardly been used in schools. This can be mainly explained by the technological entry barrier of AR and the lack of simple, robust AR applications, in particular for vector geometry. To fill this gap, the authors developed “cleARmaths”, a developed android application for augmented reality-based teaching in vector geometry that allows widespread use. As a didactical concept, some example exercises sessions with the app are proposed, demonstrating how the app could be used in a mathematics classroom. Finally, the app was evaluated in a mathematics class and the results analyzed in a detailed study. It was found by the teacher and students to be beneficial and amusing, demonstrating the potential for AR in mathematics classes. View Full-Text
Keywords: augmented reality; mathematics education; vector geometry augmented reality; mathematics education; vector geometry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schutera, S.; Schnierle, M.; Wu, M.; Pertzel, T.; Seybold, J.; Bauer, P.; Teutscher, D.; Raedle, M.; Heß-Mohr, N.; Röck, S.; Krause, M.J. On the Potential of Augmented Reality for Mathematics Teaching with the Application cleARmaths. Educ. Sci. 2021, 11, 368.

AMA Style

Schutera S, Schnierle M, Wu M, Pertzel T, Seybold J, Bauer P, Teutscher D, Raedle M, Heß-Mohr N, Röck S, Krause MJ. On the Potential of Augmented Reality for Mathematics Teaching with the Application cleARmaths. Education Sciences. 2021; 11(8):368.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schutera, Stefanie, Marc Schnierle, Mathilde Wu, Tim Pertzel, Jonathan Seybold, Patricia Bauer, Dennis Teutscher, Matthias Raedle, Natascha Heß-Mohr, Sascha Röck, and Mathias J. Krause 2021. "On the Potential of Augmented Reality for Mathematics Teaching with the Application cleARmaths" Education Sciences 11, no. 8: 368.

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