University Spaces as Agents of National Belonging: Analysing the Visual Culture of Public Universities’ Campuses in India and Pakistan
2. Educational Spaces and Visual Culture
‘the ready-made standardised visual scheme handed down by previous generations of teachers and authorities as an unquestioned and unquestionable guide to all observable events, rituals, situations, objects, materials, spaces and behaviours which normally occur within everyday schooling.’
4. Key Findings
4.1. Symbolic Artefacts at the University Premises
4.2. Furthering Nationalism and Patriotism through Walls of Heroes
4.3. Political Graffiti and Art on the Walls of Universities—The Space for Student Voices and Resistance
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Images Collected in Numbers|
|Source of Data||JNU||JMIU||PU||GCU|
|Step 1: Official University Websites||12||14||10||16|
|Step 2: University Policy Documents||17||10||15||8|
|Step 3: News Articles and Blog Posts||20||15||18||12|
|Step 4: Social Media Presence||10||12||11||14|
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Niaz, L.; Anand, K. University Spaces as Agents of National Belonging: Analysing the Visual Culture of Public Universities’ Campuses in India and Pakistan. Educ. Sci. 2021, 11, 741. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11110741
Niaz L, Anand K. University Spaces as Agents of National Belonging: Analysing the Visual Culture of Public Universities’ Campuses in India and Pakistan. Education Sciences. 2021; 11(11):741. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11110741Chicago/Turabian Style
Niaz, Laraib, and Kusha Anand. 2021. "University Spaces as Agents of National Belonging: Analysing the Visual Culture of Public Universities’ Campuses in India and Pakistan" Education Sciences 11, no. 11: 741. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11110741