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Commodity Revenues, Agricultural Sector and the Magnitude of Deindustrialization: A Novel Multisector Perspective

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Institute of Development Research and Development Policy, Ruhr-University, 44789 Bochum, Germany
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Faculty of Management and Economics, Ruhr University, 44801 Bochum, Germany
3
Center for Economic Development and Social Change, 80128 Naples, Italy
4
Azerbaijan State Economic University (UNEC), Baku AZ1001, Azerbaijan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Economies 2019, 7(4), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/economies7040113
Received: 26 November 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 11 November 2019
This study puts forward a model of a multisector economy and embeds it in a novel theoretical framework to address the relationship between commodity revenues and manufacturing output with a special focus on the role of the agricultural sector. The three-sector model lays the groundwork for analyzing policy choices in more complex sectoral settings. Based on the theoretical analysis, the study identifies the weight of the individual economic sectors in the public revenue generation as a determinant of the magnitude of rent seeking epitomized in the crowding out effect of investments in manufacturing. We find that enclave agriculture contributes to the deindustrialization pressure in the face of natural resource windfalls. The central finding of the multisector analysis is the conclusion that not diversification per se but rather a diversification with the substantial domestic factor or market orientation has the capability to limit the magnitude of deindustrialization. For the empirical validation of the theoretical findings, the study employs fixed effects, fully modified OLS, dynamic common correlated effects estimators and dynamic fixed effects estimators for the dataset of 113 developing and transition economies for 1963–2014 period. The estimations reveal that natural resource revenues correspond with a higher level of the manufacturing sector output. In the economies with a low level of economic diversification, commodity bonanza leads however to the shrinkage of the manufacturing. In the commodity revenue dependent settings, nevertheless, agricultural sector exports have a negative impact on the performance of the manufacturing sector. These findings are in line with the predictions of the theoretical model. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic diversification; enclave agriculture; multisector model; developing countries; rent seeking economic diversification; enclave agriculture; multisector model; developing countries; rent seeking
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Sadik-Zada, E.R.; Loewenstein, W.; Hasanli, Y. Commodity Revenues, Agricultural Sector and the Magnitude of Deindustrialization: A Novel Multisector Perspective. Economies 2019, 7, 113.

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