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Disposal Practices of Unused and Leftover Medicines in the Households of Dhaka Metropolis

Department of Pharmacy, East West University, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Department of Public Health, North South University, Bashundhara, Dhaka 1229, Bangladesh
Institute of Synthetic Biology, Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology (SIAT), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shenzhen 518055, China
Department of Chemistry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj 8100, Bangladesh
Graduate School of Innovative Life Science, Faculty of Engineering, University of Toyama, Gofuku, Toyama 3190, Japan
Department of Pharmacy, Southeast University, Dhaka 1213, Bangladesh
Pharmakon Neuroscience Research Network, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
Department of Pharmacy, Dhaka International University, Dhaka 1213, Bangladesh
Department of Pharmacy, Atish Dipankar University of Science and Technology, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Department of Pharmacy, Primeasia University, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Trust University, Barishal, Ruiya, Nobogram Road, Barishal 8200, Bangladesh
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lise Aagaard
Pharmacy 2021, 9(2), 103;
Received: 7 March 2021 / Revised: 7 April 2021 / Accepted: 9 April 2021 / Published: 20 May 2021
Background: This fact-finding study aimed to attain an overall idea and knowledge about medicine disposal practices in Dhaka Metropolitan households. Methods: This mixed study (both quantitative and qualitative) was orchestrated to inspect the household leftover medicine disposal pattern’s governing status. A cross-sectional survey was conducted following a structured questionnaire and key informant interview with a household person and in-depth interviews with the top pharmaceutical and government officials. Results: Findings disclose that, for most of the key informants, the terms “drug disposal” and “drug pollution” were unknown; more precisely, 67% and 74% of key informants even did not hear these two terms. Almost all (87%) households faced undesired incidents due to the insecure storage of medicines. People disposed of excess and expired medication in regular dustbins (47%), threw out of the window (19%), flushed within commode (4%), burnt in fire (2%), and reused (4%). A good percentage of people (21%) returned unexpired drugs to the pharmacy and bought other medicines on a need basis. A total of 72% wanted a medicine take-back program, and 100% agreed on mass education on this issue. Officials of pharmaceuticals conferred mixed opinion: top-ranked pharmaceuticals will adopt leftover medicine disposal practices; middle and low-ranked pharmaceutical companies are reluctant, merely denied mentioning the less important issue. Conclusions: The absence of mass awareness and standard laws and policies may explain these existing aberrant practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: leftover and expired medicines; households; medicine disposal pattern leftover and expired medicines; households; medicine disposal pattern
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MDPI and ACS Style

Begum, M.M.; Rivu, S.F.; Hasan, M.M.A.; Nova, T.T.; Rahman, M.M.; Alim, M.A.; Uddin, M.S.; Islam, A.; Nurnahar; Tabassum, N.; Moni, M.M.R.; Roselin, R.; Das, M.; Begum, R.; Rahman, M.S. Disposal Practices of Unused and Leftover Medicines in the Households of Dhaka Metropolis. Pharmacy 2021, 9, 103.

AMA Style

Begum MM, Rivu SF, Hasan MMA, Nova TT, Rahman MM, Alim MA, Uddin MS, Islam A, Nurnahar, Tabassum N, Moni MMR, Roselin R, Das M, Begum R, Rahman MS. Disposal Practices of Unused and Leftover Medicines in the Households of Dhaka Metropolis. Pharmacy. 2021; 9(2):103.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Begum, Mst. Marium, Sanzana Fareen Rivu, Md. Mahmud Al Hasan, Tasnova Tasnim Nova, Md. Motiar Rahman, Md. Abdul Alim, Md. Sahab Uddin, Azharul Islam, Nurnahar, Nuzhat Tabassum, Md. Marufur Rahman Moni, Rehnuma Roselin, Munny Das, Rayhana Begum, and Md. Sohanur Rahman. 2021. "Disposal Practices of Unused and Leftover Medicines in the Households of Dhaka Metropolis" Pharmacy 9, no. 2: 103.

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