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Prioritizing Technology in Pharmacy Education: A Document Analysis of Strategic Plans

School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, St. John’s University, Queens, NY 11439, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2020, 8(4), 237;
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 5 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 11 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technology-Enhanced Pharmacy Teaching and Learning Strategies)
The COVID-19 pandemic has required many pharmacy programs to increase their utilization of technology or shift the course of delivery entirely online. Delivery in this setting has exposed areas in the use of technology where pharmacy programs need to improve (such as staff and student training). This study performed a document analysis of strategic plans to identify technology-related strategies and where gaps in planning currently exist. Accredited pharmacy programs in Canada and the USA were included for analysis. A total of 77 strategic plans were identified. Strategic plans were searched for the phrases: "tech", "online", "distance" and "e-learning" to identify technology-related statements. Statements relating to technology in education were coded for (1) the prioritized “action” and (2) the objective or “goal” of this strategy. Quantitative analysis of these codes revealed that the “action” was most frequently to introduce or improve technology (54.4%), and the “goal” most frequently related to enhancing teaching/course delivery/learning (34.2%). Strategic plans appeared to frequently focus on the technology itself, with little consideration for the human aspect of operating technology or readiness of programs to embrace technology. Moving forward, strategic priorities with respect to technology should be refocused towards system readiness and account for resources necessary for target user upskilling and acceptance. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmacy; technology; system readiness; online pharmacy; technology; system readiness; online
MDPI and ACS Style

Dresser, J.D.; Burmeister, P.; Arya, V.; Wilby, K.J. Prioritizing Technology in Pharmacy Education: A Document Analysis of Strategic Plans. Pharmacy 2020, 8, 237.

AMA Style

Dresser JD, Burmeister P, Arya V, Wilby KJ. Prioritizing Technology in Pharmacy Education: A Document Analysis of Strategic Plans. Pharmacy. 2020; 8(4):237.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dresser, Jacob D., Paul Burmeister, Vibhuti Arya, and Kyle John Wilby. 2020. "Prioritizing Technology in Pharmacy Education: A Document Analysis of Strategic Plans" Pharmacy 8, no. 4: 237.

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