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Patterns of Self-Medication Behavior for Oral Health Problems Among Adults Living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

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College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh 12734, Saudi Arabia
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College of Dentistry, King Saud Bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 14811, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh 14611, Saudi Arabia
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King Saud Bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 14811, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Biomedical Ethics, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh 14611, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2018, 6(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6010015
Received: 6 January 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 31 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Pharmacy Education and Student/Practitioner Training)
Abstract: Self-medication is a widespread behavior worldwide. It is defined as the practice of self-diagnosis and drug prescription without proper professional consultation. Aim: To determine the prevalence and predictors of self-medication for oral health problems among adults living in Riyadh city. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a structured close-ended questionnaire was distributed among adults visiting shopping malls in all different five regions of Riyadh. A two-stage sampling technique was used: cluster and simple random sampling. The questionnaire was composed of two main sections: demographic characteristics and questions assessing the behavior of self-medication. Results: The prevalence of self-medication was found to be 63.25%, with a higher prevalence among females than males. Gender and nationality were significantly associated with self-medication. Salt in hot water locally (52.57%) and acetaminophen (47.43%), a type of an analgesic, were, systemically, the most frequently used. Pharmacy shops were the main source of these medicaments (66.01%). Similarly, the advice for using them was mainly given by pharmacists (53.36%). Lack of time was claimed to be the main reason for practicing self-medication (54.55%) with abscess, toothache, and gingival bleeding being the main predictors. Conclusions: Self-medication was found to be a common practice among the population of Riyadh city. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-medication; behavior; dental problems; oral health problems self-medication; behavior; dental problems; oral health problems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aldeeri, A.; Alzaid, H.; Alshunaiber, R.; Meaigel, S.; Shaheen, N.A.; Adlan, A. Patterns of Self-Medication Behavior for Oral Health Problems Among Adults Living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Pharmacy 2018, 6, 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6010015

AMA Style

Aldeeri A, Alzaid H, Alshunaiber R, Meaigel S, Shaheen NA, Adlan A. Patterns of Self-Medication Behavior for Oral Health Problems Among Adults Living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Pharmacy. 2018; 6(1):15. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6010015

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aldeeri, Arwa, Haya Alzaid, Renad Alshunaiber, Shahad Meaigel, Naila A. Shaheen, and Abdallah Adlan. 2018. "Patterns of Self-Medication Behavior for Oral Health Problems Among Adults Living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia" Pharmacy 6, no. 1: 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6010015

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