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Pharmacy 2017, 5(4), 55;

The Attitude of Medical and Pharmacy Students towards Research Activities: A Multicenter Approach

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Gondar-College of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Gondar 196, Ethiopia
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Vaagdevi College of Pharmacy, Warangal 506001, Telangana, India
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Pahang, Malaysia
Faculty of Pharmacy, Fathima College of Health Sciences, Al Ain Campus, Al Ain 24162, UAE
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, Al Ain 17666, UAE
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeffrey Atkinson
Received: 8 September 2017 / Revised: 7 October 2017 / Accepted: 9 October 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Pharmacy Education and Student / Practitioner Training)
Full-Text   |   PDF [244 KB, uploaded 11 October 2017]


Aim: To assess the attitude of medical and pharmacy students in Asian and African universities towards scholarly research activities. Methods: An anonymous, cross-sectional, self-reported online survey questionnaire was administered to medical and pharmacy students studying in various Asian and African universities through social media between May and July 2016. A 68-item close-ended questionnaire consisting of Likert-scale options assessed the students’ research-specific experiences, and their attitudes towards scholarly research publications. Results: A total of 512 questionnaires were completed, with a response rate of 92% from Asia and 94% from Africa. More pharmacy students (70.8%) participated than medical students (29.2%). Overall 52.2% of the pharmacy students and 40% of medical students believed that research activities provided a means of gaining respect from their faculty members. Lack of encouragement, paucity of time, gaps in research activities and practices, and lack of research funding were some of the most common barriers acknowledged by the students. A nonparametric Mann-Whitney test showed that a statistically significant difference was observed, in that more than 80% of the pharmacy students viewed scientific writing and research activities as valuable experiences (p = 0.001) and would like to involve their co-students in scholarly research activities (p = 0.002); whereas the majority of the medical students desired to be involved more in scholarly research publications (p = 0.033). Conclusion: Pharmacy students had good attitudes towards research activities and a higher number of medical students desired to be involved more in research publications. Faculties may consider taking special research initiatives to address the barriers and improve the involvement of medical and pharmacy students in scholarly research activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: medical students; pharmacy students; attitude; research activities; publications medical students; pharmacy students; attitude; research activities; publications
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Bhagavathula, A.S.; Bandari, D.K.; Tefera, Y.G.; Jamshed, S.Q.; Elnour, A.A.; Shehab, A. The Attitude of Medical and Pharmacy Students towards Research Activities: A Multicenter Approach. Pharmacy 2017, 5, 55.

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