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Assessment of Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus in the Urban Areas of Klang District, Malaysia

1
Department of Life Sciences, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
2
Department of Pharmacy Practice, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
3
School of Pharmacy, La Trobe University, Bendigo 3552, Australia
4
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeffrey Atkinson
Pharmacy 2017, 5(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy5010011
Received: 19 December 2016 / Revised: 16 February 2017 / Accepted: 20 February 2017 / Published: 23 February 2017
Diabetes is the most common cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputations and cardiovascular diseases. However, only a negligible percentage of the patients and subjects knew that the feet are affected in diabetes and diabetes affects the heart. Hence, a cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the knowledge of diabetes mellitus among the public of different age group, gender, ethnicity, and education level. A sample of 400 participants was randomly selected and data was collected using a structured questionnaire under non-contrived setting. The results showed that there is a statistically significant difference in knowledge on diabetes mellitus among different age groups and different ethnic origin but there is no significant difference in the knowledge among different gender and education level. Out of 400 respondents, 284 respondents (71%) knew that diabetes mellitus is actually a condition characterized by raised blood sugar. Age and education level of respondents were found to be the predominant predictive factors on diabetes knowledge, whereas the gender of respondents did not affect the findings of this study. An improved and well-structured educational programme that tackles the areas of weaknesses should be recommended to increase the level of knowledge on diabetes among Malaysians. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; knowledge; cardiovascular disease; amputations diabetes mellitus; knowledge; cardiovascular disease; amputations
MDPI and ACS Style

Chinnappan, S.; Sivanandy, P.; Sagaran, R.; Molugulu, N. Assessment of Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus in the Urban Areas of Klang District, Malaysia. Pharmacy 2017, 5, 11.

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