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Open AccessArticle

The Second Round of the PHAR-QA Survey of Competences for Pharmacy Practice

Pharmacology Department, Lorraine University, 5 Rue Albert Lebrun, Nancy 54000, France
Pharmacology Consultants Nancy, 12 rue de Versigny, Villers 54600, France
Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, Brussels 1090, Belgium
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de la Cartuja s/n, Granada 18701, Spain
School of Pharmacy, National and Kapodistrian University Athens, Panepistimiou 30, Athens 10679, Greece
Institute of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Nooruse 1, Tartu 50411, Estonia
Pharmacy Faculty, University of Helsinki, Yliopistonkatu 4, P.O. Box 33-4, Helsinki 00014, Finland
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Askerceva Cesta 7, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia
Pharmacy Faculty, Jagiellonian University, Golebia 24, Krakow 31-007, Poland
Pharmacy Faculty, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” Bucharest, Dionisie Lupu 37, Bucharest 020021, Romania
Faculty of Pharmacy, European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy, Université de Lille 2, Lille 59000, France
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80082, Utrecht 3508 TB, The Netherlands
School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham B47ET, UK
Medical Faculty, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, Brussels 1090, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yvonne Perrie
Pharmacy 2016, 4(3), 27;
Received: 25 May 2016 / Revised: 6 September 2016 / Accepted: 12 September 2016 / Published: 21 September 2016
This paper presents the results of the second European Delphi round on the ranking of competences for pharmacy practice and compares these data to those of the first round already published. A comparison of the numbers of respondents, distribution by age group, country of residence, etc., shows that whilst the student population of respondents changed from Round 1 to 2, the populations of the professional groups (community, hospital and industrial pharmacists, pharmacists in other occupations and academics) were more stable. Results are given for the consensus of ranking and the scores of ranking of 50 competences for pharmacy practice. This two-stage, large-scale Delphi process harmonized and validated the Quality Assurance in European Pharmacy Education and Training (PHAR-QA) framework and ensured the adoption by the pharmacy profession of a framework proposed by the academic pharmacy community. The process of evaluation and validation of ranking of competences by the pharmacy profession is now complete, and the PHAR-QA consortium will now put forward a definitive PHAR-QA framework of competences for pharmacy practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmacy; education; competences; framework; practice pharmacy; education; competences; framework; practice
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Atkinson, J.; De Paepe, K.; Pozo, A.S.; Rekkas, D.; Volmer, D.; Hirvonen, J.; Bozic, B.; Skowron, A.; Mircioiu, C.; Marcincal, A.; Koster, A.; Wilson, K.; Van Schravendijk, C. The Second Round of the PHAR-QA Survey of Competences for Pharmacy Practice. Pharmacy 2016, 4, 27.

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