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Article

Evaluation of the Climate Impact Reduction Potential of the Water-Enhanced Turbofan (WET) Concept

1
MTU Aero Engines, Business Development, 80995 Munich, Germany
2
MTU Aero Engines, Advanced Programs, 80995 Munich, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kyriakos I. Kourousis
Aerospace 2021, 8(3), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8030059
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2021 / Accepted: 21 February 2021 / Published: 25 February 2021
Aviation faces increasing pressure not only to reduce fuel burn, and; therefore, CO2 emissions, but also to provide technical solutions for an overall climate impact minimization. To combine both, a concept for the enhancement of an aircraft engine by steam injection with inflight water recovery is being developed. The so-called Water-Enhanced Turbofan (WET) concept promises a significant reduction of CO2 emissions, NOx emissions, and contrail formation. Representative missions for an A320-type aircraft using the proposed new engine were calculated. Applying a first-order one-dimensional climate assessment prospects the reduction of more than half of the Global Warming Potential over one hundred years, compared to an evolutionarily improved aero-engine. If CO2-neutrally produced sustainable aviation fuels are used, climate impact could be reduced by 93% compared to today’s aircraft. The evaluation is a first estimate of effects based on preliminary design studies and should provide a starting point for discussion in the scientific community, implying the need for research, especially on the formation mechanisms and radiation properties of potential contrails from the comparatively cold exhaust gases of the WET engine. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate impact; steam injection; heat recovery steam generator; water condensation; water recovery; aircraft engine; contrails; cirrus; climate-neutral flight climate impact; steam injection; heat recovery steam generator; water condensation; water recovery; aircraft engine; contrails; cirrus; climate-neutral flight
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pouzolz, R.; Schmitz, O.; Klingels, H. Evaluation of the Climate Impact Reduction Potential of the Water-Enhanced Turbofan (WET) Concept. Aerospace 2021, 8, 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8030059

AMA Style

Pouzolz R, Schmitz O, Klingels H. Evaluation of the Climate Impact Reduction Potential of the Water-Enhanced Turbofan (WET) Concept. Aerospace. 2021; 8(3):59. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8030059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pouzolz, Regina, Oliver Schmitz, and Hermann Klingels. 2021. "Evaluation of the Climate Impact Reduction Potential of the Water-Enhanced Turbofan (WET) Concept" Aerospace 8, no. 3: 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8030059

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