Next Article in Journal
An Insight on the Crashworthiness Behavior of a Full-Scale Composite Fuselage Section at Different Impact Angles
Previous Article in Journal
Development of a Multi-Directional Manoeuvre for Unified Handling Qualities Investigation
Open AccessArticle

Hybrid Metal/Composite Lattice Structures: Design for Additive Manufacturing

CIRA—Italian Aerospace Research Centre, 81043 Capua, Italy
Department of Engineering, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, 81031 Aversa, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Aerospace 2019, 6(6), 71;
Received: 22 March 2019 / Revised: 15 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 June 2019 / Published: 16 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additive Manufacturing for Aerospace and Defence)


This paper introduces a numerical tool developed for the design and optimization of axial-symmetrical hybrid composite/metal structures. It is assumed that the defined structures are produced by means of two different processes: Additive Layer Manufacturing (ALM) for the metallic parts and Filament Winding (FW) for the composite parts. The defined optimization procedure involves two specific software: ANSYS and ModeFrontier. The former is dedicated to the production of the geometrical and FE models, to the structural analysis, and to the post-process, focusing on the definition of the Unit Cells for the modelling of the metal part. The latter is dedicated to the definition of the best design set and thus to the optimization flow management. The core of the developed numerical procedure is the routine based on the Ansys Parametric Design Language (APDL), which allows an automatic generation of any geometrical model defined by a generic design set. The developed procedure is able to choose the best design, in terms of structural performance, changing the lattice metallic parameters (number of unit cells and their topology) and the composite parameters (number of plies and their orientation). The introduced numerical tool has been used to design several hybrid structures configurations. These configurations have been analysed in terms of mechanical behaviour under specific boundary conditions and compared to similar conventional metal structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; lattice structure; hybrid structures; topological optimization additive manufacturing; lattice structure; hybrid structures; topological optimization

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Di Caprio, F.; Acanfora, V.; Franchitti, S.; Sellitto, A.; Riccio, A. Hybrid Metal/Composite Lattice Structures: Design for Additive Manufacturing. Aerospace 2019, 6, 71.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Aerospace EISSN 2226-4310 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top