Theoretical Investigation on Feedback Control of Hybrid Rocket Engines
AbstractDespite the fact that hybrid propulsion offers significant benefits, it still suffers from some limitations such as the natural oxidizer to fuel ratio shift which induces variations of the engines’ performances while operating. To overcome that issue, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has been studying an innovative concept for several years based on the combination of controlled axial and radial oxidizer injections, called altering-intensity swirling-oxidizer-flow-type engine. This type of motor is theoretically capable of managing both the thrust and the oxidizer to fuel ratio independently and instantaneously by using a feedback control loop. To be effective, such engines would require in-flight instantaneous and precise thrust and an oxidizer to fuel ratio measurements as well as an adapted feedback control law. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of measurement errors on the engine control and to propose a regulation law suitable for these motors. Error propagation analysis and regulation law are developed from fundamental equations of hybrid motors and applied in a case where resistor-based sensors are used for fuel regression rate measurement. This study proves the theoretical feasibility of hybrid engines feedback control while providing some methods to design the engine and regression rate sensors depending on the mission requirements. View Full-Text
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Messineo, J.; Shimada, T. Theoretical Investigation on Feedback Control of Hybrid Rocket Engines. Aerospace 2019, 6, 65.
Messineo J, Shimada T. Theoretical Investigation on Feedback Control of Hybrid Rocket Engines. Aerospace. 2019; 6(6):65.Chicago/Turabian Style
Messineo, Jérôme; Shimada, Toru. 2019. "Theoretical Investigation on Feedback Control of Hybrid Rocket Engines." Aerospace 6, no. 6: 65.
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