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Uncertainty Quantification of the Effects of Small Manufacturing Deviations on Film Cooling: A Fan-Shaped Hole

Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10084, China
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Aerospace 2019, 6(4), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace6040046
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Uncertainty Quantification in Aerospace Engineering)
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Abstract

The film cooling holes in the blade of modern gas turbines have commonly been manufactured by laser drilling, Electric Discharge Machining (EDM), and Additive Manufacturing (AM) in recent years. These manufacturing processes often result in small geometric deviations, such as conical angles, filleted edges, and diameter deviations of the hole, which can lead to deviations on the distribution of adiabatic cooling effectiveness (η) values, the value of the discharge coefficient (Cd), and the characteristic of the in-hole flow field. The current study employed flat plate fan-shaped film cooling holes with length-to-diameter values (L/D) equal to 3.5 and six to investigate the effects of these manufacturing deviations on the distribution of η values, the value of Cd, and the characteristic of in-hole flow field. An Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) analysis using the Polynomial Chaos Expansion (PCE) model was carried out to quantify the uncertainty in the values of η and Cd. The statistical characteristics (mean values, standard deviation (Std) values, and Probability Density Function (PDF) values) of η and Cd were also calculated. The results show that conical angle deviations exert no visible changes on the value of η. However, the Cd value decreases by 6.2% when the conical angle changes from 0–0.5°. The area averaged adiabatic cooling effectiveness ( η = ) decreases by 3.4%, while the Cd increases by 15.2% with the filleted edge deviation existing alone. However, the deviation value of η = is 7.6%, and that of Cd is 25.7% with the filleted edge deviation and the diameter deviation existing. View Full-Text
Keywords: manufacturing deviations; film cooling; uncertainty quantification; CFD manufacturing deviations; film cooling; uncertainty quantification; CFD
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Shi, W.; Chen, P.; Li, X.; Ren, J.; Jiang, H. Uncertainty Quantification of the Effects of Small Manufacturing Deviations on Film Cooling: A Fan-Shaped Hole. Aerospace 2019, 6, 46.

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