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Article

The Potential Role of Climate Indices to Explain Floods, Mass-Movement Events and Wildfires in Southern Italy

1
National Research Council—Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection (CNR-IRPI), Via Cavour 4, 87036 Rende, Italy
2
Centre for Climate Change (C3), Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Carrer de Joanot Martorell 15, 43480 Vila-seca, Spain
3
Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IPE–CSIC), Campus de Aula Dei, Avda. Montañana 1005, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
4
Cosenza Meteo Servizi S.R.L.S., Via Trieste 9, 87046 Montalto Uffugo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Steven McNulty
Climate 2021, 9(11), 156; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9110156
Received: 28 August 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 19 October 2021 / Published: 22 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extreme Weather Events)
Climate variability can be the source of several multiple hazards and damaging phenomena, such as flash floods, debris flows, landslides, forest fires, etc. In this study the response in the frequency of landslides, floods and forest fires to a set of climate indices is studied, referring to a region of southern Italy (Calabria) located in the center of the Mediterranean basin, a hot-spot for climate change. For these comparisons, 5022 landslides and 1584 flood occurrences for a 29-year period (1990–2018) have been selected for the whole Calabria; the burnt areas have been analyzed for the same territory from 2008 to 2018. The climate indices have been calculated by means of daily rainfall and temperature data registered in 93 stations. The results showed that landslide occurrences are more linked with climate indices describing not very intense rainfall. Conversely, floods show best matches with climate indices representative of more extreme precipitation. Regarding the burnt areas, the results confirmed that very dry climate conditions, modifying the moisture content of the soil, can change the intensity and the extension of fires. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate indices; sectorial indices; comparison; Calabria (southern Italy) climate indices; sectorial indices; comparison; Calabria (southern Italy)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Coscarelli, R.; Aguilar, E.; Petrucci, O.; Vicente-Serrano, S.M.; Zimbo, F. The Potential Role of Climate Indices to Explain Floods, Mass-Movement Events and Wildfires in Southern Italy. Climate 2021, 9, 156. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9110156

AMA Style

Coscarelli R, Aguilar E, Petrucci O, Vicente-Serrano SM, Zimbo F. The Potential Role of Climate Indices to Explain Floods, Mass-Movement Events and Wildfires in Southern Italy. Climate. 2021; 9(11):156. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9110156

Chicago/Turabian Style

Coscarelli, Roberto, Enric Aguilar, Olga Petrucci, Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano, and Fabio Zimbo. 2021. "The Potential Role of Climate Indices to Explain Floods, Mass-Movement Events and Wildfires in Southern Italy" Climate 9, no. 11: 156. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9110156

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