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Open AccessArticle

Exploring Associations between Attitudes towards Climate Change and Motivational Human Values

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Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Portuguese Catholic University, Rua de Camões 60, 4710-362 Braga, Portugal
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UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit (FP-ENAS), University Fernando Pessoa (UFP), Praça 9 de Abril 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal
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Department of Mathematics (DM.UTAD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Quinta de Prados, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2020, 8(11), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli8110135
Received: 6 October 2020 / Revised: 17 November 2020 / Accepted: 18 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anthropogenic Climate Change: Social Science Perspectives)
Climate change (CC) represents a global challenge for humanity. It is known that the impacts of anthropogenic actions are an unequivocal contribution to environmental issues aggravation. Human values are recognized as psychological constructs that guide people in their attitudes and actions in different areas of life, and the promotion of pro-environmental behaviors in the context of CC must be considered a priority. The present work aimed to understand the contribution of attitudes towards CC and selected sociodemographic variables to explain Schwartz’s motivational human values. The sample consists of 1270 Portuguese answering the European social survey (ESS) Round 8. Benevolence and self-transcendence are the most prevalent human values among respondents. The majority believe in CC and less than half in its entirely anthropogenic nature. It was found that the concern with CC and education contributes to explain 11.8% of the conservation variance; gender and concern about CC explain 10.1% of the variance of self-transcendence; and age, gender and concern about CC contribute to explain 13% of the variance of openness to change. This study underlines the main human values’ drivers of attitudes towards CC, central components in designing an effective societal response to CC impacts, which must be oriented towards what matters to individuals and communities, at the risk of being ineffective. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change (CC); pro-environmental behavior; European social survey (ESS); Portuguese population; Schwartz’s human values climate change (CC); pro-environmental behavior; European social survey (ESS); Portuguese population; Schwartz’s human values
MDPI and ACS Style

Dias, N.M.O.C.; Vidal, D.G.; Sousa, H.F.P.; Dinis, M.A.P.; Leite, Â. Exploring Associations between Attitudes towards Climate Change and Motivational Human Values. Climate 2020, 8, 135.

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