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Open AccessArticle

Climate and Energy Governance Perspectives from a Municipal Point of View in Hungary

1
Institute of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Eszterházy Károly University, H3300 Eger, Hungary
2
University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
3
University of Nyíregyháza, 4400 Nyíregyháza, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2019, 7(8), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7080097
Received: 4 June 2019 / Revised: 26 July 2019 / Accepted: 31 July 2019 / Published: 2 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social-Ecological Systems, Climate and Global Change Impacts)
European climate change objectives aim to reduce CO2 emissions, promote the spread of renewable energy sources (RES), and stimulate energy efficiency (EE). The situation of local and regional governance is crucial in the implementation of community objectives. A multi-year research project was implemented in East Hungary by the University of Debrecen and Eszterházy University. It focuses on the relevance of local communities in the formation of adequate responses to the fore-mentioned challenges. A broad range of primary data collections (questionnaires and interviews) were implemented in two rural counties of the country. The first objective was to elicit existing plans concerning RES and EE at the municipality level and to measure the rate of public participation in the elaboration of them. Secondly, the scopes of the implemented projects were examined in the target area. According to the results, local leaders seem to be committed to environmental issues, but communities rarely possess energy/climate-change plans and projects. The main motivators of project implementation are financial. Because of poor financial conditions, only EU co-financed projects are realized. As subsidies come through the national government, political factors are crucial. From a governance point of view, national and county levels are decisive, and local specialties are not taken into consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate governance; renewable energy; municipalities; participatory development; energy poverty climate governance; renewable energy; municipalities; participatory development; energy poverty
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Patkós, C.; Radics, Z.; Tóth, J.B.; Kovács, E.; Csorba, P.; Fazekas, I.; Szabó, G.; Tóth, T. Climate and Energy Governance Perspectives from a Municipal Point of View in Hungary. Climate 2019, 7, 97.

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