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Defining the Requirements of an Information System for Climate Change Adaptation in the Mountain Communities of Dolakha, Nepal

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Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
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Swinburne Business School, PO Box 218 Hawthorn, Victoria 3122, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2018, 6(2), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli6020047
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 21 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
Community-based Adaptation Programs (CAPs) that involve the participation of communities are being actively promoted in mountainous areas. These areas are climate sensitive and are often heavily influenced by landslides, floods, and drought. This research indicates that designers of adaptation programs seek to develop and implement CAPs based on international viewpoint and their obligations, but not community requirements. Such CAPs create uneven access to information resources for communities and do not implicitly reduce community vulnerability. In response, the research proposes the establishment of an Information System (IS) to support delivery of reliable climate adaptation services to mountain communities. This research uses Nepal as a case study that experiences a lack of effective adaptation programs due to its varied topography, prevalent climate-related disasters, and barriers in capacity building and institutional development. The results of the analyses indicate that the national level focuses on preparing adaptation action plans, whilst district levels and Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) focus on facilitating adaptation implementation for community and individuals. Additionally, the results reveal that an IS can enhance the design and implementation of CAP. Finally, the results are used to articulate prioritized services for an IS to assist communities who are in the greatest need of climate service delivery. View Full-Text
Keywords: information system; information system requirements; community-based adaptation program; mountain communities; climate change information system; information system requirements; community-based adaptation program; mountain communities; climate change
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Khezri, A.; Bennett, R.; Zevenbergen, J. Defining the Requirements of an Information System for Climate Change Adaptation in the Mountain Communities of Dolakha, Nepal. Climate 2018, 6, 47.

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