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Biology and Management of Vulpia myuros—An Emerging Weed Problem in No-Till Cropping Systems in Europe

Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark
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Plants 2020, 9(6), 715; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9060715
Received: 6 May 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 2 June 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
Recently, Vulpia myuros has become a problematic grass weed species in parts of Europe. It is most common in no-till cropping systems. The inherent tolerance to several selective grass weed herbicides is of serious concern to the successful management of V. myuros in arable farming. Here, we reviewed the available knowledge about the biology of V. myuros to identify knowledge gaps and assess management efforts to identify best practices for control. V. myuros is a winter-annual species producing seeds with a short dormancy that can germinate at a wide range of conditions. Seed longevity in the soil is short. Little information is available on the influence of V. myuros on crop yield but some results suggest that yield losses can be significant. The findings provide a better understanding of the weedy characteristics of V. myuros and highlight that management strategies in Europe need to be diversified and integrate preventive and cultural control methods. Finally, we identify some of the management tools that should be considered to minimize the impact of V. myuros on European farming and future needs for research to develop sustainable integrated weed management strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle; vernalization; seed dormancy; seed germination; seed longevity; cultural weed control; non-chemical weed control; chemical control; integrated weed management life cycle; vernalization; seed dormancy; seed germination; seed longevity; cultural weed control; non-chemical weed control; chemical control; integrated weed management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Akhter, M.J.; Jensen, P.K.; Mathiassen, S.K.; Melander, B.; Kudsk, P. Biology and Management of Vulpia myuros—An Emerging Weed Problem in No-Till Cropping Systems in Europe. Plants 2020, 9, 715. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9060715

AMA Style

Akhter MJ, Jensen PK, Mathiassen SK, Melander B, Kudsk P. Biology and Management of Vulpia myuros—An Emerging Weed Problem in No-Till Cropping Systems in Europe. Plants. 2020; 9(6):715. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9060715

Chicago/Turabian Style

Akhter, Muhammad Javaid, Peter Kryger Jensen, Solvejg Kopp Mathiassen, Bo Melander, and Per Kudsk. 2020. "Biology and Management of Vulpia myuros—An Emerging Weed Problem in No-Till Cropping Systems in Europe" Plants 9, no. 6: 715. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9060715

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