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Open AccessArticle

Transcriptome Analysis of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) during Seed Development and Liquid Wax Ester Biosynthesis

1
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Taif University, Taif 21974, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Alexandria, Alexandria 21545, Egypt
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(5), 588; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9050588
Received: 4 April 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 28 April 2020 / Published: 4 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolutionary Genomics)
Jojoba is one of the main two known plant source of natural liquid wax ester for use in various applications, including cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and biofuel. Due to the lack of transcriptomic and genomic data on lipid biosynthesis and accumulation, molecular marker breeding has been used to improve jojoba oil production and quality. In the current study, the transcriptome of developing jojoba seeds was investigated using the Illunina NovaSeq 6000 system, 100 × 106 paired end reads, an average length of 100 bp, and a sequence depth of 12 Gb per sample. A total of 176,106 unigenes were detected with an average contig length of 201 bp. Gene Ontology (GO) showed that the detected unigenes were distributed in the three GO groups biological processes (BP, 5.53%), cellular component (CC, 6.06%), and molecular functions (MF, 5.88%) and distributed in 67 functional groups. The lipid biosynthesis pathway was established based on the expression of lipid biosynthesis genes, fatty acid (FA) biosynthesis, FA desaturation, FA elongation, fatty alcohol biosynthesis, triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis, phospholipid metabolism, wax ester biosynthesis, and lipid transfer and storage genes. The detection of these categories of genes confirms the presence of an efficient lipid biosynthesis and accumulation system in developing jojoba seeds. The results of this study will significantly enhance the current understanding of wax ester biology in jojoba seeds and open new routes for the improvement of jojoba oil production and quality through biotechnology applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: jojoba; Simmondsia chinensis; transcriptome; wax ester; lipid metabolism; triglycerides; phospholipids; long chain fatty alcohol; very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis jojoba; Simmondsia chinensis; transcriptome; wax ester; lipid metabolism; triglycerides; phospholipids; long chain fatty alcohol; very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alotaibi, S.S.; Elseehy, M.M.; Aljuaid, B.S.; El-Shehawi, A.M. Transcriptome Analysis of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) during Seed Development and Liquid Wax Ester Biosynthesis. Plants 2020, 9, 588. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9050588

AMA Style

Alotaibi SS, Elseehy MM, Aljuaid BS, El-Shehawi AM. Transcriptome Analysis of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) during Seed Development and Liquid Wax Ester Biosynthesis. Plants. 2020; 9(5):588. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9050588

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alotaibi, Saqer S.; Elseehy, Mona M.; Aljuaid, Bandar S.; El-Shehawi, Ahmed M. 2020. "Transcriptome Analysis of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) during Seed Development and Liquid Wax Ester Biosynthesis" Plants 9, no. 5: 588. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9050588

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