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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Efficiency, Profitability and Carbon Footprint of Different Management Programs under No-Till to Control Herbicide Resistant Papaver rhoeas

Departament d’Hortofructicultura, Botànica i Jardineria, Agrotecnio, Universitat de Lleida, Alcalde Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain
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Plants 2020, 9(4), 433; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040433
Received: 27 February 2020 / Revised: 27 March 2020 / Accepted: 30 March 2020 / Published: 1 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Weed Ecology and Management)
The present work examines the effects of different integrated weed management (IWM) programs on multiple herbicide-resistant Papaver rhoeas populations in terms of effectiveness, profitability and carbon footprint. With this aim a trial was established in a winter cereal field under no-till in North-Eastern Spain during three consecutive seasons. Four IWM programs with different intensification levels, from less (crop rotation, mechanical control, and no herbicides) to more intense (wheat monoculture with high chemical inputs), were established. The different strategies integrated in the four programs were efficient in managing the weed after three years, with increased effectiveness after management program intensification. Whereas low input program (which includes fallow season) represented less economic cost than the other programs, on average, no differences were observed on carbon foot print, considered as kg CO2eq kg−1 product, between the different programs, except in the crop rotation program due to the low pea yield obtained. The results from this study show that in the search for a balance between crop profitability and reduction of the carbon footprint while controlling an herbicide resistant population is challenging, and particularly under no-till. In this scenario the short term priority should be to reduce the presence of multiple herbicide resistant biotypes integrating the different available chemical, cultural, and physical strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated weed management; winter cereal; poppy; environmental impact; economic cost integrated weed management; winter cereal; poppy; environmental impact; economic cost
MDPI and ACS Style

Recasens, J.; Royo-Esnal, A.; Valencia-Gredilla, F.; Torra, J. Efficiency, Profitability and Carbon Footprint of Different Management Programs under No-Till to Control Herbicide Resistant Papaver rhoeas. Plants 2020, 9, 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040433

AMA Style

Recasens J, Royo-Esnal A, Valencia-Gredilla F, Torra J. Efficiency, Profitability and Carbon Footprint of Different Management Programs under No-Till to Control Herbicide Resistant Papaver rhoeas. Plants. 2020; 9(4):433. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040433

Chicago/Turabian Style

Recasens, Jordi; Royo-Esnal, Aritz; Valencia-Gredilla, Francisco; Torra, Joel. 2020. "Efficiency, Profitability and Carbon Footprint of Different Management Programs under No-Till to Control Herbicide Resistant Papaver rhoeas" Plants 9, no. 4: 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040433

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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