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Article

Molecular Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Potentilla multifida L. agg. (Rosaceae) in Northern Eurasia with Special Focus on Two Rare and Critically Endangered Endemic Species, P. volgarica and P. eversmanniana

1
Tsitsin Main Botanical Garden of Russian Academy of Sciences, Botanicheskaya Str., 4, 127276 Moscow, Russia
2
Khvalynsky National Park, Oktyabrskaya Str., 2B, 412787 Khvalynsk, Russia
3
Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaya Str., 83, 410012 Saratov, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(12), 1798; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9121798
Received: 5 November 2020 / Revised: 8 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 18 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolutionary Genomics)
The results of a molecular genetic study of Potentilla multifida agg. using two plastid markers (ndhC-trnV and psbA-trnH) and a nuclear ITS marker suggested that this group comprises a number of relatively young and incompletely differentiated species widely distributed in Northern Eurasia. The sequences were analyzed using tree-based (maximum likelihood) and network-based (statistical parsimony network) approaches. The plastid data suggested incomplete lineage sorting, characteristic of the group as a whole. The nuclear ITS results demonstrated quite a different pattern, with mostly conspecific accessions shaping monophyletic clades. The majority of the Potentilla sect. Multifidae species studied possess few, usually closely related plastid haplotypes, or are even monomorphic. In contrast, P. volgarica, a narrow endemic from the Volga River valley, presents plastid haplotypes belonging to two distantly related groups. Such a pattern of genetic diversity in P. volgarica may be explained by a long persistence of the species within an extremely small distribution range, on the right bank of the Volga River, most likely representing a contemporary refugium. The genealogy of plastid markers in P. volgarica suggests that this species is ancestral to P.eversmanniana, another narrow endemic from the S Urals. View Full-Text
Keywords: Potentilla sect. Multifida; Potentilla volgarica; Potentilla eversmanniana; Potentilla multifida agg.; ndhC-trnV; psbA-trnH; ITS; genetic polymorphism; plastid haplotype genealogy Potentilla sect. Multifida; Potentilla volgarica; Potentilla eversmanniana; Potentilla multifida agg.; ndhC-trnV; psbA-trnH; ITS; genetic polymorphism; plastid haplotype genealogy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schanzer, I.A.; Fedorova, A.V.; Shelepova, O.V.; Suleymanova, G.F. Molecular Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Potentilla multifida L. agg. (Rosaceae) in Northern Eurasia with Special Focus on Two Rare and Critically Endangered Endemic Species, P. volgarica and P. eversmanniana. Plants 2020, 9, 1798. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9121798

AMA Style

Schanzer IA, Fedorova AV, Shelepova OV, Suleymanova GF. Molecular Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Potentilla multifida L. agg. (Rosaceae) in Northern Eurasia with Special Focus on Two Rare and Critically Endangered Endemic Species, P. volgarica and P. eversmanniana. Plants. 2020; 9(12):1798. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9121798

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schanzer, Ivan A., Alina V. Fedorova, Olga V. Shelepova, and Guzyaliya F. Suleymanova 2020. "Molecular Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Potentilla multifida L. agg. (Rosaceae) in Northern Eurasia with Special Focus on Two Rare and Critically Endangered Endemic Species, P. volgarica and P. eversmanniana" Plants 9, no. 12: 1798. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9121798

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