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Open AccessArticle

A Convenient Plant-Based Detection System to Monitor Androgenic Compound in the Environment

1
Department of Bioindustry and Bioresource Engineering, Department of Molecular Biology and Plant Engineering Research Institute, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
2
Department of Plant & Environmental New Resources, Kyung Hee University, Kyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Plants 2019, 8(8), 266; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8080266
Received: 15 July 2019 / Revised: 1 August 2019 / Accepted: 2 August 2019 / Published: 5 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Botany)
Environmental androgen analogues act as endocrine disruptors, which inhibit the normal function of androgen in animals. In the present work, through the expression of a chimeric gene specified for the production of the anthocyanin in response to androgen DHT (dihydrotestosterone), we generated an indicator Arabidopsis that displays a red color in leaves in the presence of androgen compounds. This construct consists of a ligand-binding domain of the human androgen receptor gene and the poplar transcription factor gene PtrMYB119, which is involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis in poplar and Arabidopsis. The transgenic Arabidopsis XVA-PtrMYB119 displayed a red color in leaves in response to 10 ppm DHT, whereas it did not react in the presence of other androgenic compounds. The transcript level of PtrMYB119 peaked at day 13 of DHT exposure on agar media and then declined to its normal level at day 15. Expressions of anthocyanin biosynthesis genes including chalcone flavanone isomerase, chalcone synthase, flavanone 3-hydroxylase, dihydroflavonol 4-reductase, UFGT (UGT78D2), and anthocyanidin synthase were similar to that of PtrMYB119. It is assumed that this transgenic plant can be used by nonscientists for the detection of androgen DHT in the environment and samples such as food solution without any experimental procedures. View Full-Text
Keywords: endocrine disruptor; dihydrotestosterone; anthocyanin; PtrMYB119; Arabidopsis thaliana; androgen receptor endocrine disruptor; dihydrotestosterone; anthocyanin; PtrMYB119; Arabidopsis thaliana; androgen receptor
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Kim, D.-G.; Bahmani, R.; Ko, J.-H.; Hwang, S. A Convenient Plant-Based Detection System to Monitor Androgenic Compound in the Environment. Plants 2019, 8, 266.

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